MUTANDA MINING NE S'INQUETE NI DE LA POPULATION NI DES NORMES ENVIRONNEMENTALES DANS SA ZONE D'EXPLOITATION. PLUS OU MOINS 50 HECTARES DES CHAMPS AVAIENT ETE DÉTRUITS PAR L’ÉCOULEMENT DES ACIDES PROVENANT DE SA CONCESSION EN JUILLET 2013. JUSQU'AUJOURD'HUI L'ENTREPRISE SE REFUSE DE DÉDOMMAGER LES SIMPLES PAYSANS QUI NE VIVENT QUE DE CA.
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mineral_industry_of_Africa 00:02:19 1 Key producers 00:03:25 2 Economics 00:03:35 2.1 Organizations promoting exports 00:04:42 2.2 Dependence of African countries 00:06:16 2.3 Investment 00:08:13 2.4 Exploration 00:09:57 2.5 Trade 00:15:26 3 Legislation 00:18:14 4 Environment 00:19:53 5 Metals 00:20:02 5.1 Aluminium, bauxite, and alumina 00:23:38 5.2 Copper 00:29:14 5.3 Gold 00:34:05 5.4 Iron and Steel 00:36:18 5.5 Iron ore 00:37:58 5.6 Lead 00:40:46 5.7 Nickel 00:42:53 5.8 Platinum-Group Metals 00:44:46 5.9 Zinc 00:47:52 5.10 Titanium 00:48:20 6 Industrial minerals 00:48:30 6.1 Diamond 00:52:59 6.2 Phosphate Rock 00:54:07 7 Mineral Fuels 00:54:17 7.1 Coal 00:57:10 7.2 Uranium 00:59:14 8 Oil 00:59:47 9 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8469582333649536 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-A "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The mineral industry of Africa is the largest mineral industries in the world. Africa is the second largest continent, with 30 million km² of land, which implies large quantities of resources. For many African countries, mineral exploration and production constitute significant parts of their economies and remain keys to economic growth. Africa is richly endowed with mineral reserves and ranks first or second in quantity of world reserves of bauxite, cobalt, industrial diamond, phosphate rock, platinum-group metals (PGM), vermiculite, and zirconium. Gold mining is Africa's main mining resource. The Central African Mining and Exploration Company (CAMEC), one of Africa's primary mining enterprises, is criticized for its unregulated environmental impact and minimal social stewardship. In the spring of 2009, retired British cricket player Phil Edmonds' assets were seized by the United Kingdom's government due to CAMEC's illicit association with former self-appointed Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe. CAMEC recently sold 95.4% of its shares to the Eurasian Natural Resources Corporation. It is under restructuring and is no longer trading under the CAMEC brand.African mineral reserves rank first or second for bauxite, cobalt, diamonds, phosphate rocks, platinum-group metals (PGM), vermiculite and zirconium. Many other minerals are present in quantity. The 2012 share of world production from African soil was bauxite 7%; aluminium 5%; chromite 38%; cobalt 60%; copper 9%; gold 20%; iron ore 2%; steel 1%; lead (Pb) 2%; manganese 38%; zinc 1%; cement 4%; natural diamond 56%; graphite 2%; phosphate rock 21%; coal 4%; mineral fuels (including coal) & petroleum 47%; uranium 18%.platinum 69.4%.
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