Lecture by Dr Thomas Harrison explaining the management of cryptococcal meningitis or systemic cryptococcosis with antifungals. Induction-consolidation-maintenance phases. Resource rich or poor setting. HIV or non-HIV patients (including timing or ART). For slides and alternative formats please visit http://life-worldwide.org/life-education-slide-sets-video-presentations-and-reading-materials
See much more honest health information at: http://www.rehealthify.com/ Rehealthify offers reliable, up-to-date health information, anytime, anywhere, for free. -- video script below -- Having HIV/AIDS weakens your body's immune system. Your immune system normally fights germs that enter your body. When HIV/AIDS makes it weak, it can't fight germs well. This can lead to serious infections that don't often affect healthy people. These are called opportunistic infections (OIs). There are many types of OIs. Tuberculosis and a serious related disease, Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) are bacterial infections. Viral infections include cytomegalovirus (CMV) and hepatitis C. Fungi cause thrush (candidiasis), cryptococcal meningitis, pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) and histoplasmosis, and parasites cause crypto (cryptosporidiosis) and toxo (toxoplasmosis). Having HIV/AIDS can make any infection harder to treat. People with AIDS are also more likely to suffer complications of common illnesses such as the flu. The good news is that you can help prevent infections by taking your HIV/AIDS medicines. Other things that can help include practicing safe sex, washing your hands well and often and cooking your food well.
Views: 8434 Rehealthify
What is HIV? HIV is a virus that damages the immune system. The immune system helps the body fight off infections. Untreated HIV infects and kills CD4 cells, which are a type of immune cell called T cells. Over time, as HIV kills more CD4 cells, the body is more likely to get various types of infections and cancers. HIV is transmitted through bodily fluids that include: blood semen vaginal and rectal fluids breast milk The virus doesn’t spread in air or water, or through casual contact. HIV is a lifelong condition and currently there is no cure, although many scientists are working to find one. However, with medical care, including treatment called antiretroviral therapy, it’s possible to manage HIV and live with the virus for many years. Without treatment, a person with HIV is likely to develop a serious condition called AIDS. At that point, the immune system is too weak to fight off other diseases and infections. Untreated, life expectancy with AIDS is about three years. With antiretroviral therapy, HIV can be well-controlled and life expectancy can be nearly the same as someone who has not contracted HIV. It’s estimated that 1.1 million Americans are currently living with HIV. Of those people, 1 in 5 don’t know they have the virus. HIV can cause changes throughout the body. Learn about the effects of HIV on the different systems in the body. What is AIDS? AIDS is a disease that can develop in people with HIV. It’s the most advanced stage of HIV. But just because a person has HIV doesn’t mean they’ll develop AIDS. HIV kills CD4 cells. Healthy adults generally have a CD4 count of 500 to 1,500 per cubic millimeter. A person with HIV whose CD4 count falls below 200 per cubic millimeter will be diagnosed with AIDS. A person can also be diagnosed with AIDS if they have HIV and develop an opportunistic infection or cancer that’s rare in people who don’t have HIV. An opportunistic infection, such as pneumonia, is one that takes advantage of a unique situation, such as HIV. Untreated, HIV can progress to AIDS within a decade. There’s no cure for AIDS, and without treatment, life expectancy after diagnosis is about three years. This may be shorter if the person develops a severe opportunistic illness. However, treatment with antiretroviral drugs can prevent AIDS from developing. If AIDS does develop, it means that the immune system is severely compromised. It’s weakened to the point where it can no longer fight off most diseases and infections. That makes the person vulnerable to a wide range of illnesses, including: pneumonia tuberculosis oral thrush, a fungal infection in the mouth or throat cytomegalovirus (CMV), a type of herpes virus cryptococcal meningitis, a fungal infection in the brain toxoplasmosis, a brain infection caused by a parasite cryptosporidiosis, an infection caused by an intestinal parasite cancer, including Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) and lymphoma The shortened life expectancy linked with untreated AIDS isn’t a direct result of the syndrome itself. Rather, it’s a result of the diseases and complications that arise from having an immune system weakened by AIDS. Learn more about possible complications that can arise from HIV and AIDS. HIV and AIDS: What’s the connection? To develop AIDS, a person has to have contracted HIV. But having HIV doesn’t necessarily mean that someone will develop AIDS. Cases of HIV progress through three stages: stage 1: acute stage, the first few weeks after transmission stage 2: clinical latency, or chronic stage stage 3: AIDS As HIV lowers the CD4 cell count, the immune system weakens. A typical adult’s CD4 count is 500 to 1,500 per cubic millimeter. A person with a count below 200 is considered to have AIDS. How quickly a case of HIV progresses through the chronic stage varies significantly from person to person. Without treatment, it can last up to a decade before advancing to AIDS. With treatment, it can last indefinitely. There is no cure for HIV, but it can be controlled. People with HIV often have a near-normal lifespan with early treatment with antiretroviral therapy. Along those same lines, there’s technically no cure for AIDS. However, treatment can increase a person’s CD4 count to the point where they’re considered to no longer have AIDS. (This point is a count of 200 or higher.) Also, treatment can typically help manage opportunistic infections. HIV and AIDS are related, but they’re not the same thing. Learn more about the difference between HIV and AIDS. CONTACT US TEL/LINE 092-432-8907
Views: 163 ภูมิสมดุล เพื่อสุขภาพ
HIV Equal Online Senior Editor, Tyler Curry, created a short film about the difference between the HIV of today versus the AIDS of yesterday. This is dedicated to the long-term survivors and the ones we lost in the fight. More than three decades have passed since AIDS first captured global attention and put a name to the epidemic that terrified communities. In the past 35 years, much has changed, much has not, and more than 35 million people globally have died from HIV-related causes. The epidemic began being recognized in June 1981 when the first report of five young gay men succumbing to a rare lung infection was published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Within days, reports of similar infections among gay men and clusters of a rare cancer, Kaposi's sarcoma, in New York and California, were reported to the CDC, and that precipitated the establishment of the CDC Task Force on Kaposi’s Sarcoma and Opportunistic Infections. As more gay men succumbed to the mysterious disease, the ailment was dubbed a “gay cancer” by the end of the month and, within six months, 121 men out of 270 reported cases had died. The disease wasn’t officially named until the following year when AIDS, or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, was used for the first time on Sept. 24, 1982, by the CDC. Beyond ravaging the body, an AIDS diagnosis in the 1980s was a prognosis for death. For many people, it also meant rejection from and abandonment by their communities and families. No one knew what was causing AIDS. No one knew how it was transmitted. Task forces set out to determine risk factors, specialized treatment clinics opened, congressional hearings were held, legislation for research was drafted. And people continued to die. By December 1982, 22 cases of opportunistic infections in infants were reported, and fear flooded communities across the globe. So much was unknown about HIV/AIDs that fear set in around the world, and those diagnosed with AIDS were ostracized from communities. Lambert recalls nurses and even doctors refusing to see AIDS patients; families disowned their loved ones. Renee Lambert, a client care advocate at HopeHealth who has been at the core of caring for HIV-positive patients since the 1990s, compares patient treatment in the 1980s to today’s hospice care. “Everybody died back then," she said. "It’s rare that we had people survive and make it to today.” Dr. Rishka Motiani, an infectious diseases and primary care doctor at HopeHealth, explained that three decades ago, patients were suffering from opportunistic infections, such as tuberculosis and cryptococcal meningitis and cancers such as lymphomas and Kaposi’s sarcoma, because they were not being diagnosed until they had AIDS – the third stage of what now is known as HIV infection. Discovered as the cause of AIDS in May 1983, HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus, weakens the body’s defenses against infections and some cancers by targeting the immune system. The virus destroys immune cells, known as CD4 T lymphocytes or CD4 cells. A count of these cells in a milliliter of blood indicates HIV infection. A normal count in a healthy, uninfected individual ranges from 500 to 1,600; a count below 500 indicates one of three stages of HIV infection. The final stage, with counts at less than 200 cells, means the HIV infection has progressed to AIDS. At this point, the virus has so weakened the body that opportunistic infections and cancers can rapidly take hold.
Views: 10290 Lets be Healthy
A visual journey through the MSF-supported 31-bed specialised AIDS unit in Donka hospital. The unit, in Conakry, the capital of Guinea, opened in December 2016, due to high numbers of AIDS patients without care. Here MSF provides specialised hospital care for severely ill HIV patients, who require a delicate balance of rapidly treating infections and rebuilding the patients’ immune system. The very ill patients that MSF admits commonly arrive with one or more opportunistic infections including Karposi Sarcoma and cryptococcal meningitis. As HIV rates in Guinea are low (1.7%), less attention has been paid to the HIV response. Today, of the 120,000 people living with HIV, only one in four are getting treatment. People living with HIV in Guinea face high levels of stigma, additional medical costs and frequent stock-outs of key drugs. Without treatment, people living with HIV can easily develop AIDS. In Donka Hospital, many AIDS patients tell MSF staff of huge challenges in getting HIV treatment and regular tests for medical follow up. Patients are referred from across Conakry, many arriving by ambulance. The centre includes a laboratory and pharmacy, while it also conducts medical research and gives hands-on medical training for staff to improve the overall care of AIDS patients in Guinea. MSF has provided HIV and TB services since 2003. In collaboration with the Ministry of Health, MSF currently supports 11,000 HIV patients, and offers diagnosis, health promotion, treatment and adherence support to six health centres in Conakry. Find out more: www.msf.org.uk/hivaids Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is an international, independent, medical humanitarian organisation that delivers emergency aid to people affected by armed conflict, epidemics, natural disasters and exclusion from healthcare. SUBSCRIBE HERE: http://bit.ly/15M9M8v Help us caption & translate this video! https://amara.org/v/dJjI/
What is meningitis? Meningitis describes inflammation of the meninges, the protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. Find more videos at http://osms.it/more. Hundreds of thousands of current & future clinicians learn by Osmosis. We have unparalleled tools and materials to prepare you to succeed in school, on board exams, and as a future clinician. Sign up for a free trial at http://osms.it/more. Subscribe to our Youtube channel at http://osms.it/subscribe. Get early access to our upcoming video releases, practice questions, giveaways, and more when you follow us on social media: Facebook: http://osms.it/facebook Twitter: http://osms.it/twitter Instagram: http://osms.it/instagram Our Vision: Everyone who cares for someone will learn by Osmosis. Our Mission: To empower the world’s clinicians and caregivers with the best learning experience possible. Learn more here: http://osms.it/mission Medical disclaimer: Knowledge Diffusion Inc (DBA Osmosis) does not provide medical advice. Osmosis and the content available on Osmosis's properties (Osmosis.org, YouTube, and other channels) do not provide a diagnosis or other recommendation for treatment and are not a substitute for the professional judgment of a healthcare professional in diagnosis and treatment of any person or animal. The determination of the need for medical services and the types of healthcare to be provided to a patient are decisions that should be made only by a physician or other licensed health care provider. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you have regarding a medical condition.
Views: 392379 Osmosis
Click Here: https://goo.gl/5CNZJP Click Here : http://ouo.io/t9Lb4y Hello folks. We will be discussing Cryptococcal Meningitis today. It is a brain infection caused by a fungus named Cryptococcus neoformans. Also termed C. neoformans or C. gattii. Cryptococcus first affects the lungs and then grows towards the brain causing Cryptococcal Meningitis. It primarily targets the Central Nervous System (Spinal Cord and Brain). But it does not affect ordinarily healthy people. It is more prevalent in patients with lower immunity like HIV/AIDS. It is spread everywhere in the environment, but not harmful to people having ordinary to better immunity. Let's check this video for more info. fungal infections fungal skin infections fungal infections of the skin what causes fungal infections are fungal infections contagious types of fungal infections foot fungal infections how to treat fungal infections common fungal infections skin fungal infections fungal infections in humans types of fungal skin infections fungal infections on skin chronic fungal infections natural remedies for fungal infections superficial fungal infections Fungal Infections Home Remedies Best Home Remedies forFungal Infections Natural Home Remedies For Fungal Infections Ayurvedic Remedies for Fungal Infections Homemade Remedies for Fungal Infections Homemade Medicine for Fungal Infections Herbal Remedies For Fungal Infections There’re numerous fungal infections which have been recognised by the experts such as mycosis, candida, athlete’s foot & yeast infection. All the illness usually belongs to fungus. These types of disease are exceptionally general & anyone can comfortably get fungal malady. Different kinds of fungal ailments have different kinds of signs & symptoms. In 2014 fungal ailment is the 4th most general malady all over the planet considering the truth that in 2010 more than 96 million people get affected from fungal illness. Mycosis is a fungal ailment that affects human as well as animals too. This generally affects the people who has weaker immune system. Although, this doesn’t mean that who has powerful immune system can’t get fungal malady. Athlete’s foot is one of the general fungal ailments spreading day through day all over the world. This usually evolves on the feet, ankle, hair, nail and outer skin layer. The main common signs & indications of athlete’s foot are itching, burning, redness, blister and breakdown of skin. Candida could be also referred as fungal disease is one of the most common diseases around the planet. If you’re taking anti-biotic for a long time then the probabilities will enhance of the evolvement of fungal disease. There are many signs and indications exist that can be used to detect any kinds of fungal disease. generally the signs and symptoms occur with itchiness and burning. Soreness and rash are the other symptoms of fungal illness. There’re many therapy options exist for the therapy of Cold sore but not all of them are appropriate for the therapy of fungal disease. usually physicians recommend anti-fungal medicines to treat fungal ailment though these medicament might lead to certain side effects. So, it is extremely important to follow a remedy that has no even single side effects & that’s what home remedy for Fungal disease do. A Home remedy for fungal disease is the nicest remedy that a patient can admire. Although, there is medicines associated remedy exist though, you don’t have to follow medicaments linked remedy. Mostly fungal infection can be comfortably cuired through Home remedy for fungal ailment. You may apply tea tree oil as a cream that supports you to moisturize your lesion of fungal illness. Echinacea contains strong anti-fungal properties which assist you to erase fungal from your skin. Garlic is a powerful natural thing that has the sufficient potential to cure any varieties of fungal malady. Garlic carries holistic anti-septic elements that are requiring healing fungal ailment of the feet. If you want to cure fungal illness, you must have to follow olive oil to moisturize your lesion. Researchers have discovered that lavender carries powerful anti-fungal components that will assist you to treat fungal infection. All the above holistic treatments are totally based on home remedy for fungal disease. http://homeremedies9.com/
Views: 8067 Fungal Infection Info-Treatments
This algorithm video discussion is on HIV and all the essential facts and management points that are most high yield for the USMLE Step 3. It includes but is not limited to the management and different clinical scenarios where the management changes in HIV, as well as prophylaxis, and opportunistic infection discussion in HIV. Stay tuned for book to be released later this Spring: USMLE ALGORITHMS Step 3
Views: 20626 josephmedman
فارما تيوب Pharma Tube هى سلسلة من الفيديوهات تحتوى على محاضرات فى علم الفارماكولوجى الأساسى والإكلينيكى يقدمها الصيدلى دهشان حسن دهشان الشرح من كتاب فارما جايد Pharma Guide Pharma Tube is a series of videos containing lectures about basic and clinical pharmacology which prepared from Pharma Guide book, by Pharmacist; Dahshan Hassan Dahshan. موضوع هذة الحلقة Antiviral Drugs الجزء الثالث والأخير من 3 أجزاء لهذا الموضوع Antivirals for HIV Infection (Antiretroviral Agents) الموضوع الأول هو مقدمة نتعرف بها على الفيروس HIV Viral life cycle الموضوع الثانى نتحدث فيه عن العائلات الدوائية المستخدمة Antiretroviral Agents A) Nucleoside/nucleotide Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NRTIs). B) Nonnucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NNRTIs). C) Protease Inhibitors (PIs). D) Fusion/entry Inhibitors. E) Integrase Inhibitors. فقرة الصيدلية اللى هنشوف فيها Common Fixed-dose Combination Brands ******************** للإنضمام لفريق عمل مطورون كتاب فارما جايد .. إنضم الى جروب “Pharma Guide Developers” https://goo.gl/cxmhz8 لمعلومات أكثر عن الكتاب For more information about Pharma Guide book, click here https://goo.gl/izPQDe للتواصل مع المؤلف For contact with the author https://goo.gl/6qRWyN الآن متوفر تطبيق Pharma Tube وتطبيق Pharma Guide MCQs على جوجل بلاى لهواتف الأندرويد فقط Pharma Tube and Pharma Guide MCQs App are now available on Google Play for android devices هذه المحاضرات للمختصين في المجال الطبي، الصيادلة ، الأطباء ، أطباء الأسنان أو التمريض، وعلى الرغم من هذا فقد لا تتوافق مع النظم الصحية المعمول بها في بلدك فبرجاء مراجعتها أولاً. These lectures for specialists in the medical field, pharmacists, physicians, dentists or nurses and although this may not conform with applicable in your country health systems sure to first review. يمكنك تحميل تطبيق "فارما تيوب" أو "Pharma Tube" للهواتف الأندرويد من على جوجل بلاى للإستماع الى جميع الفيديوهات بكل سهولة دون معاناه فى البحث. كتاب الخريجين الآن متوفر Pharma Guide Pre-Work (Pharmacy Practice for Postgraduate) رابط سريع لتصفح الكتاب: Fast book review link; https://goo.gl/wtsXWH - يتوفر الكتاب من خلال مراكز التوزيع بجميع المحافظات (إضغط الرابط) Inside Egypt; in all government distribution centers, see link https://goo.gl/HPtJkv - يتوفر على سوق دوت كوم - Now book is available on Souq.com Egypt رابط سوق دوت كوم العربي: Arabic Souq.com Egypt link https://goo.gl/PxRdpa رابط سوق دوت كوم الإنجليزي: English Souq.com Egypt link https://goo.gl/vt9WMj - يتوفر للدول الأخرى بسعر من خلال جمالون رابط جمالون: - Now book is available on Jamalon.com for worldwide distribution Link https://goo.gl/AXmC1f
Views: 5739 Dhshan Hassan Dhshan
Author: Dr David Meya Source: makererechs's channel Original Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qXM_Vj2MJYA
Views: 153 OUCRU Online Training
What are HIV & AIDS? HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus, is a type of virus that infects human immune cells. Over time, immune cells are lost, which weakens the immune system and allows patients to be infected by other viruses and develop several types of tumors. Find more videos at http://osms.it/more. Hundreds of thousands of current & future clinicians learn by Osmosis. We have unparalleled tools and materials to prepare you to succeed in school, on board exams, and as a future clinician. Sign up for a free trial at http://osms.it/more. Subscribe to our Youtube channel at http://osms.it/subscribe. Get early access to our upcoming video releases, practice questions, giveaways, and more when you follow us on social media: Facebook: http://osms.it/facebook Twitter: http://osms.it/twitter Instagram: http://osms.it/instagram Our Vision: Everyone who cares for someone will learn by Osmosis. Our Mission: To empower the world’s clinicians and caregivers with the best learning experience possible. Learn more here: http://osms.it/mission Medical disclaimer: Knowledge Diffusion Inc (DBA Osmosis) does not provide medical advice. Osmosis and the content available on Osmosis's properties (Osmosis.org, YouTube, and other channels) do not provide a diagnosis or other recommendation for treatment and are not a substitute for the professional judgment of a healthcare professional in diagnosis and treatment of any person or animal. The determination of the need for medical services and the types of healthcare to be provided to a patient are decisions that should be made only by a physician or other licensed health care provider. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you have regarding a medical condition.
Views: 819331 Osmosis
Check out our Patreon page: https://www.patreon.com/teded View full lesson: https://ed.ted.com/lessons/why-is-meningitis-so-dangerous-melvin-sanicas In 1987, thousands of people gathered in Saudi Arabia for the annual Hajj pilgrimage. But what started out as a celebration led to a worldwide health crisis: more than 2,000 cases of meningitis broke out, spreading across Saudi Arabia and the rest of the world. How did it spread so quickly and what makes meningitis so dangerous? Melvin Sanicas examines how the disease affects our bodies. Lesson by Melvin Sanicas, directed by CUB Animation Studio. Thank you so much to our patrons for your support! Without you this video would not be possible! Sebastian Regez, Danielle Downs, Clovis Norroy, Liz Candee, Vinh-Thuy Nguyen, Amy Lopez, SANG HAN, Aries SW, Sebastiaan Hols, Grimes Gregory, João Henrique Rodrigues, Michael Lucke, Annastasshia Ames, Claudia Hernandez Chavarria, Livia-Alexandra Sarban, Lee , Karthik Balsubramanian, Mathew Samuel, Turine Tran, Ido brown, Jordan Tang, Christopher Jimenez, Juan , Tracey Tobkin, Sid, emily lam, Kathryn J Hammond, Elliot Poulin, Noel Situ, Latora Slydell, Sydney Evans, Victor E Karhel, Eysteinn Guðnason, Andrea Feliz, Natalia Rico, Josh Engel, Bárbara Nazaré, Zhexi Shan and PnDAA.
Views: 510323 TED-Ed
Dan H. Barouch, MD, PhD, Director for the Center for Virology and Vaccine Research at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, gives a presentation on immune-based therapeutics for HIV care at the American Society for Microbiology's 2016 Microbe Meeting in Boston for a symposium entitled New Frontiers in HIV Cure. Subscribe to ASM's YouTube channel at https://goo.gl/mOVHlK Learn more about the American Society for Microbiology at http://www.asm.org Become a member today at http://www.asmscience.org/join Interact with us on social at: Facebook Show your support and get updates on the latest microbial offerings and news from the ASM. http://www.facebook.com/asmfan ASM International Facebook Groups Join an ASM International Facebook Group and connect with microbiologists in your region. http://www.asm.org/index.php/programs/asm-international-facebook-groups Twitter Follow all the latest news from the Society. http://www.twitter.com/ASMicrobiology Instagram Outstanding images of your favorite viruses, fungi, bacteria and parasites http://www.instagram.com/asmicrobiology/
Views: 547 American Society for Microbiology
Early Signs and Symptoms of HIV: According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 1.2 million people are currently HIV-infected in the U.S., and as many as 12.8 percent symptoms of early hiv (1 in 8 people) remain unaware of their infection hiv symptoms. HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. This virus destroys the CD4 cells, also called T cells, of the immune system Here are 10 early sign and symptoms of HIV that you must know. 1, Fever. 01:02 The most common primary symptom of an HIV infection is a fever. A fever during the initial HIV stage is likely to be recurrent and persists for 2 to 4 weeks at a time. Night sweats often accompany infection-associated fevers you must get best hiv treatment. 2, Night Sweats. 01:56 If you are unable to sleep because you just cannot stop sweating, and you have recently engaged in any of the previously described high-risk behaviors, it might be a cause for concern. A subject diagnosed with early HIV who engaged in unprotected anal intercourse with multiple partners reported night sweats as a commonly occurring symptom, according to a 2015 study published in “Clinical Infectious Diseases”. Night sweats usually accompany a fever in HIV patients. 3, Sore Throat. 02:35 A sore throat is another common symptom of early HIV. It is highly likely to accompany a fever in HIV-positive patients. published in Clinical Infectious Diseases. You may experience pain for hiv treatment swallowing food and water as well as your own saliva. Your sore throat may last up to 2 weeks at a stretch and may be accompanied by mouth ulcers. 4, Swollen Lymph Nodes. 03:46 Immune system cells are spread throughout the body. One of the primary locations for their distribution is the lymph nodes. Lymph nodes are found in the neck, under the armpits and in the groin area. Out of 54 patients affected with HIV, 30 patients (55.5 percent) reported swelling of the lymph nodes (reactive hyperplasia), according to a 2002 study published in the Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology this is new hiv treatment. Lymph nodes are painful and tender to the touch. They can frequently appear and disappear. It is a cause for concern if swelling persists longer than 2 to 4 weeks. 5, Rashes and Seborrheic Dermatitis. 04:55 Seborrheic dermatitis on the scalp, face and chest, is one of the earliest symptoms of HIV, according to a 2008 study published in Acta Dermatovenerol Croatia you may know what is the treatment for hiv. The average age-range for patients was between 17 and 54 years and all the patients exhibited all the primary symptoms of an HIV infection. Among these, a rash was the second most-commonly reported symptom by all the patients. 6, Muscle Pain (Myalgia) and Joint Pain (Arthralgias). 05:35 While these conditions are present throughout the trajectory of the disease, they are also key primary symptoms to identify if you fear that you may have contracted HIV. These symptoms intensify as the disease progresses see doctor to hiv treatment guidelines. 7, Fatigue/Tiredness. 06:56 Fatigue from HIV can be described as a lack of energy and feeling of exhaustion that is not cured with a good night’s sleep. It may be constant and occur without any physical exertion. It also affected mental clarity, patience and concentration, according to a 2008 study published in The Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care. Fatigue may also induce depression and anxiety. 8, Headaches. 07:46 Headaches are the most common and persistent form of pain experienced by HIV patients. They severely deteriorate the patient’s quality of life and hinder his or her day-to-day activities. Out of 131 patients withprimary HIV, 45.8 percent reported tension-associated headaches, 16 percent reported migraines and 6.1 percent reported other types of headaches, according to a 2000 study published in Pain. 9, Nausea & Vomiting. 08:24 10, Diarrhea. 09:12 SUBSCRIBE for more videos here : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCl2s_ywqhXm_YmJ1lVPDPtw?sub_confirmation=1 Contact : email : [email protected] Find Us On : Google Plus : https://plus.google.com/u/0/109115292982259471607 Facebook : https://www.facebook.com/Symptoms-Of-Disease-602529183258705/ Twitter : https://twitter.com/anisawe4?lang=en Blog : http://symptoms2017.blogspot.co.id/ ====================================================== Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for "fair use" for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. ====================================================== [DISCLAIMER] I do not own the video, music, artwork or the lyrics. All rights reserved to their respective owners!!! This video is not meant to infringe any of the copyrights. This is for people's educations only. Thank you!
Views: 2581 Signs And Symptoms
Estimating Value for Money: Incorporating Economic Evaluation and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis into HIV Research David Dowdy, MD B. Frank and Kathleen Polk Assistant Professor Department of Epidemiology Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health June 11, 2015
Views: 1059 Hopkins CFAR
10 Early symptoms of HIV infection 1. Night Sweats 2. Fever 3. Swollen Lymph Nodes 4. Sore Throat 5. Joint Pain And Muscle Pain Help us to be better SUBSCRIBE for more videos here: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCAf3_EHAdrHMSxk6-7bHG9w?sub_confirmation=1 More from Tamam Health: -8 Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis https://youtu.be/VnnvYaEuZVA -10 Early Signs of Lupus https://youtu.be/_uHju14c3NY -5 Common Symptoms Of Perimenopause https://youtu.be/R7jOfYE5TCA 10 Early symptoms of HIV infection By TAMAM HEALTH
Views: 24007 Tamam Health
What are the symptoms of AIDS? symptoms of AIDS Signs of AIDS Signs of HIV Symptoms of HIV With the use of antiretroviral therapy, chronic HIV can last several decades. Without treatment, HIV can be expected to progress to AIDS sooner. By that time, the immune system is quite damaged and has a hard time fighting off infection and disease. Symptoms of AIDS can include: recurrent fever chronic swollen lymph glands, especially of the armpits, neck, and groin chronic fatigue night sweats dark splotches under the skin or inside the mouth, nose, or eyelids sores, spots, or lesions of the mouth and tongue, genitals, or anus bumps, lesions, or rashes of the skin recurrent or chronic diarrhea rapid weight loss neurologic problems such as difficulty concentrating, memory loss, and confusion anxiety and depression Because you have a weakened immune system, you’re at increased risk of pneumonia and other opportunistic infections. Other potential complications of AIDS include: candidiasis tuberculosis cytomegalovirus (CMV), a type of herpes virus cryptococcal meningitis toxoplasmosis, and infection caused by a parasite cryptosporidiosis, an infection caused by an intestinal parasite cancer, including Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) and lymphoma kidney disease Antiviral medications can help control the virus. Treatment for other infections and complications of AIDS must be tailored to your individual needs. HIV test What tests are used to diagnose HIV? Antibody test Between 21 and 84 days after infection, about 97 percent of people will develop detectable HIV antibodies, which can be found in the blood or saliva. There’s no preparation necessary for blood tests or mouth swabs. Some tests provide results in 30 minutes or less and can be performed in a doctor’s office or clinic. There are also home test kits available: OraQuick HIV Test: An oral swab provides results in as little as 20 minutes. Home Access HIV-1 Test System: After pricking your finger, you send a blood sample to a licensed laboratory. You can remain anonymous and call for results the next business day. If you think you’ve recently been exposed to HIV, but tested negative, repeat the test in three months. If you have a positive result, follow up with your doctor to confirm. Antibody/antigen test An antigen is part of the virus that activates your immune system. It takes from 13 to 42 days for antibodies and antigens to be detectable. Nucleic acid test (NAT) This expensive test isn’t used for general screening. It’s for people who have early symptoms of HIV or recently had a high-risk exposure. This test doesn’t look for antibodies, but for the virus itself. It takes from seven to 28 days for HIV to be detectable in the blood. This test is usually accompanied by an antibody test. Is rash a symptom of HIV? About 90 percent of people with HIV experience changes to the skin. Rash is often one of the first symptoms of HIV infection. Generally, an HIV rash appears as a flat red area with small bumps. HIV makes you more susceptible to skin problems because the virus destroys immune system cells that fight infection. Co-infections that can cause rash include: molluscum contagiosum herpes simplex shingles The appearance of the rash, how long it lasts, and how it can be treated depend on the cause. Some medicines used to treat HIV or other infections can cause a rash. It usually appears within a week or two of starting on a new medication. Sometimes the rash will clear up on its own. If it doesn’t, you may need to switch medicines. Rash due to an allergic reaction to medicine can be serious. Other symptoms of an allergic reaction include trouble breathing or swallowing, dizziness, and fever. Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is a rare allergic reaction to HIV medication. Symptoms include fever and swelling of the face and tongue. Rash, which can involve the skin and mucous membranes, appears and spreads quickly. When 30 percent of the skin is affected it’s called toxic epidermal necrolysis, which is a life-threatening condition. What is HIV? HIV is a virus that enters your body and begins to destroy T cells. You need T cells in order to fight infections. HIV spreads through bodily fluids that include: blood semen vaginal and rectal fluids breast milk The first few weeks after infection is called the acute infection stage. During this time the virus rapidly reproduces. Your immune system responds by producing HIV antibodies. Many people experience temporary flu-like symptoms during this stage. Even without symptoms, HIV is highly contagious during this time. After the first month or so, HIV enters the clinical latency stage. This stage can last from a few years to a few decades. Progression can be slowed with antiretroviral therapy. Some people have symptoms. Many people do not, but it’s still contagious.
Views: 4075 Good Health Good Life
Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome is a condition seen in some cases of AIDS or immunosuppression, in which the immune system begins to recover, but then responds to a previously acquired opportunistic infection with an overwhelming inflammatory response that paradoxically makes the symptoms of infection worse. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 1128 Audiopedia
Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) is an opportunistic fungal infection that primarily affects immunocompromised individuals, particularly those with HIV/AIDS. In resource-limited countries, patients often receive antifungal drug fluconazole monotherapy; however, long-term outcomes, even at high doses, are poor. In this episode, Neil Stone and colleagues observed treatment response in a cohort of patients with HIV-associated CM given fluconazole alone or in combination with flucytosine. Patients treated with fluconazole monotherapy had an increase in resistant subpopulations in the CSF; however, combination prevented expansion of resistant populations. Fluconazole-resistant strains had high rates of aneuploidy characterized predominant diploidy of drug efflux pump-containing chromosome 1. Together, these results support combination therapy as a successful strategy for suppressing heteroresistance.
Views: 132 Journal of Clinical Investigation
Many people infected with HIV also get infected with Cryptococcal Meningitis but this infection does not receive as much attention as other infections, for instance TB. As a result many people are diagnosed late and die before they can receive treatment. Worse still, the diagnostic procedure is believed to cause death, by many people, which causes reluctance in patients seeking help. Dr. David Meya has been working in this area for several years now and shares achievements and challenges therein.
Views: 2108 makererechs
Table of Contents: 00:04 - 00:22 - 00:44 - Remember that Chronic Activation? 01:07 - The Sink Metaphor 04:03 - 04:17 - 04:19 - 04:20 - 05:41 - 06:16 - Opportunistic Infections 07:42 - 08:59 - 10:15 - Cryptococcal meningitis 10:51 - “MAC” 11:43 - 12:24 - 12:31 - 12:36 - Kaposi sarcoma 13:23 - HIV: A Slow Poison 14:38 - 15:07 -
Views: 107 Tim Lahey
http://balancedhealthtoday.com/ellagica.html http://www.balancedhealthtoday.com/store/ellagica.html Of particular concern is HIV/AIDS, which is often spread through sexual activity. HIV/AIDS can also be transmitted through direct contact of bodily fluids with an open wound or a tear in the skin. One study looked at women who were not HIV positive, but who were in a sexual relationship with someone who was. Researchers found that the women who eventually contracted HIV were more likely to have had yeast infections. They concluded that women in high-risk relationships should be taught how to prevent yeast infections — and to treat them quickly when they do occur — to decrease their risk of HIV infection. Since yeast infections can irritate the vaginal lining even if you haven't been scratching, it's a good idea to use condoms if you plan to be sexually active while you have a yeast infection and don't know the HIV status of your partner. Of course, this is good advice even when you don't have a yeast infection. Safe Sex There's no medical reason not to engage in safe sex when you have a yeast infection. Keep in mind, however, that the vaginal itching and burning associated with yeast infections may make sex uncomfortable. Another thing that might hinder you from having sex is the yeast infection treatment method you're using. If you're using creams to treat your vaginal yeast infection, it's best to delay intercourse until the therapy is complete, as sex can essentially push the medication out of the vagina. Certain vaginal creams may also be irritating to a man's penis. In general, yeast infections aren't frequently spread from one partner to another during sex. Even so, there are situations where it does happen. http://www.balancedhealthtoday.com/store http://balancedhealthtoday.com/products.html
Views: 1124 Kimberly Robinson
View full lesson: https://ed.ted.com/lessons/why-it-s-so-hard-to-cure-hiv-aids-janet-iwasa In 2008, something incredible happened: a man was cured of HIV. In over 70 million HIV cases, this was a first, and, so far, a last, and we don’t yet understand exactly how he was cured. But if we can cure people of various diseases, like malaria and hepatitis C, why can’t we cure HIV? Janet Iwasa examines the specific traits of the HIV virus that make it so difficult to cure. Lesson by Janet Iwasa, animation by Javier Saldeña.
Views: 1311810 TED-Ed
Visit us (http://www.khanacademy.org/science/healthcare-and-medicine) for health and medicine content or (http://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/mcat) for MCAT related content. These videos do not provide medical advice and are for informational purposes only. The videos are not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read or seen in any Khan Academy video. Created by Vishal Punwani. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-infectious-diseases/rn-hiv-and-aids/v/immune-reconstitution-inflammatory-syndrome-iris-in-aids?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-infectious-diseases/rn-hiv-and-aids/v/haart-treatment-for-hiv-who-what-why-when-and-how?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn NCLEX-RN on Khan Academy: A collection of questions from content covered on the NCLEX-RN. These questions are available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License (available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/). About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s NCLEX-RN channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCDx5cTeADCvKWgF9x_Qjz3g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 27366 khanacademymedicine
Click Here: https://goo.gl/5CNZJP Click Here : http://ouo.io/t9Lb4y Hello Folks. Welcome to our channel today. We will be discussing cryptococcosis today. It is a fungal infection caused by a fungus named C. neoformans or C. gattii. It is widely spread around the world. It is mostly harmless, until coming in contact to a person with very low immunity. It does not affect any person who has a normal to above average immunity. But for people with a lesser active immune system, it is another story. It generally affects people's lungs, brains and spinal cord, especially the central nervous system. It can also extend to other parts of the body, if not treated on time or effectively. Fungus Cryptococcus induced brain infections are termed cryptococcal meningitis. This fungal infection is more common in patients suffering from HIV/AIDS. fungal infections fungal skin infections fungal infections of the skin what causes fungal infections are fungal infections contagious types of fungal infections foot fungal infections how to treat fungal infections common fungal infections skin fungal infections fungal infections in humans types of fungal skin infections fungal infections on skin chronic fungal infections natural remedies for fungal infections superficial fungal infections Fungal Infections Home Remedies Best Home Remedies forFungal Infections Natural Home Remedies For Fungal Infections Ayurvedic Remedies for Fungal Infections Homemade Remedies for Fungal Infections Homemade Medicine for Fungal Infections Herbal Remedies For Fungal Infections There are certain fungal diseases that have been identified by the scientists like mycosis, candida, athlete’s foot and yeast disease. All the infection usually belongs to fungus. These varieties of disease are very common and anybody can easily get fungal illness. Different types of fungal infections have different varieties of signs & symptoms. In 2014 fungal ailment is the 4th most general sickness all around the planet considering the actuality that in 2010 much more than 94 million people get affected from fungal disease. Mycosis is a fungal infection that affects human as well as animals too. This commonly affects the person who has weaker immune system. Though, this does not mean that who has powerful immune system can’t get fungal infection. Athlete’s foot is one of the general fungal diseases spreading day by day all around the world. This mainly evolves on the feet, ankle, hair, nail and outer skin layer. The major common signs and symptoms of athlete’s foot are itching, burning, redness, blister and breakdown of skin. Candida could be also referred as fungal illness is one of the most common maladies around the planet. If you are pursuing anti-biotic for a long time then the chances will elevate of the development of fungal infection. There’re many signs and symptoms exist that can be used to detect any varieties of fungal disease. generally the signs & symptoms occur with itchiness and burning. Soreness and rash are the other signs of fungal ailment. There’re many treatment options exist for the remedy of Cold sore Although not all of them are appropriate for the remedy of fungal illness. usually physicians suggest anti-fungal medicines to treat fungal disease although those medicament may lead to certain side effects. So, it is very important to follow a therapy that has no even single side effects and that’s what home remedy for Fungal infection do. A Home remedy for fungal illness is the greatest remedy that a patient can pursue. Although, there is medicines associated remedy exist though, you don’t have to follow medicines associated remedy. Mostly fungal malady can be comfortably treated by Home remedy for fungal disease. You can apply tea tree oil as a cream that supports you to moisturize your lesion of fungal disease. Echinacea carries powerful anti-fungal elements which support you to treat fungal from your skin. Garlic is a powerful holistic thing that has the sufficient ability to heal any varieties of fungal illness. Garlic contains holistic anti-septic elements that are requiring healing fungal ailment of the feet. If you want to cure fungal disease, you must need to follow olive oil to moisturize your wound. Researchers have defined that lavender contains energetic anti-fungal properties which will help you to heal fungal disease. All the above natural remedies are totally based on home remedy for fungal ailment. http://homeremedies9.com/
Views: 4023 Fungal Infection Info-Treatments
52-year-old female that presented with acute onset delirium and seizures. There is patchy ill-defined T2 FLAIR hyperintense signal involving the subcortical, deep, and periventricular white matter of the supratentorial compartment, worse in the frontal horn and periatrial regions. There is a more nodular region of T2 FLAIR hyperintense signal within the subcortical white matter of the posterolateral left temporal lobe and patchy T2 FLAIR hyperintense signal abnormality in the substance of the midbrain tegmentum extending into the tectal plate. There are no suspicious abnormalities on the diffusion-weighted images, and post contrast sequences demonstrate ill-defined enhancement along the perivascular spaces worse in the bilateral frontal regions. A differential of meningoencephalitis, demyelinating disease, and vasculitis was given. Lumbar puncture and CSF fluid analysis was performed demonstrating a cryptococcal meningitis. CNS cryptococcosis results from infection of the central nervous system the with the fungus cryptococcus neoformans. Disease is more commonly seen in immunocompromised individuals. Clinical presentation typically begins with meningitis or meningoencephalitis, headache, seizure or altered vision due to raised intracranial pressure. Common MR imaging features include enlarged perivascular spaces within the basal ganglia with a pseudocyst appearance. NMR303G For more, visit our website at http://ctisus.com
Views: 211 CTisus
What are Candidal Infections? Candida is a yeast that likes warm, moist environments like the mouth, where it can cause thrush, and the groin, where it can cause diaper rash and yeast infections. Find more videos at http://osms.it/more. Hundreds of thousands of current & future clinicians learn by Osmosis. We have unparalleled tools and materials to prepare you to succeed in school, on board exams, and as a future clinician. Sign up for a free trial at http://osms.it/more. Subscribe to our Youtube channel at http://osms.it/subscribe. Get early access to our upcoming video releases, practice questions, giveaways, and more when you follow us on social media: Facebook: http://osms.it/facebook Twitter: http://osms.it/twitter Instagram: http://osms.it/instagram Our Vision: Everyone who cares for someone will learn by Osmosis. Our Mission: To empower the world’s clinicians and caregivers with the best learning experience possible. Learn more here: http://osms.it/mission Medical disclaimer: Knowledge Diffusion Inc (DBA Osmosis) does not provide medical advice. Osmosis and the content available on Osmosis's properties (Osmosis.org, YouTube, and other channels) do not provide a diagnosis or other recommendation for treatment and are not a substitute for the professional judgment of a healthcare professional in diagnosis and treatment of any person or animal. The determination of the need for medical services and the types of healthcare to be provided to a patient are decisions that should be made only by a physician or other licensed health care provider. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you have regarding a medical condition.
Views: 120150 Osmosis
Supplementary video of original research “The performance of serum cryptococcal capsular polysaccharide antigen test, histopathology and culture of the lung tissue for diagnosis of pulmonary cryptococcosis in patients without HIV infection” published in the open access journal Infection and Drug Resistance by Zhou Y, Lin PC, Ye JR, et al. Read the full paper here: https://www.dovepress.com/the-performance-of-serum-cryptococcal-capsular-polysaccharide-antigen--peer-reviewed-article-IDR
Views: 60 Dove Medical Press
Dr Ira Shah talks about Unusual manifestations of Usual Infections. Lecture starts with explanation about usual infections and unusual patterns and the reasons: Organism based factors, host factors, doctor factors, outcome of these unusual manifestations, what could be the cause of persistent fever, complications of Hib meningitis, what could be the cause of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) in this child, what is the cause kind of unusual presentation, should antibiotics be changed, duration of fever in Hib meningitis, Prolonged fever, on examination cases of child, is this unusual manifestation of pulse polio, is this vaccination associated polio immunization, Polio virus eradication, how to diagnose enterovirus infection, what could be the cause of persistent fever, how should this child be treated, edema feet, pallor, hepatosplenomegaly, investigation, how to treat this child now and conclusion. It’s consists of four Case discussions on the topic. SUBSCRIBE TO YOUTUBE: https://www.youtube.com/user/pediatriconcallvideo FOLLOW US ON: https://www.facebook.com/PediatricOncall/ https://twitter.com/pediatriconcall https://plus.google.com/+Pediatriconcall/posts Usual infections: An organism that has to cause certain infections in the manner that has been described in the literature, Unusual-deviation from the Unusual patterns: Disease not responding in the set time period, Meningitis that takes a longer time to respond, TB that is not responding to 1st line AKT in the intensive phase, an organism that is presenting with a weirder symptom, an organism that is not meant to cause a disease(UNUSUAL ORGANISMS). Why these unusual patterns: Complication of the disease, subdural empyema in a meningitis, Factors that predispose the infection to persist longer, CVC lines in hospital acquired infections, Proton pump inhibitors for fungal infections, Umbilical lines in NICU infections, improper treatment, Under dosing, wrong choice of antimicrobials Organism based factors: The bug is a resistant bug, drug resistant TB, MDR typhoid, ESBL carbapenem resistant infections, organism has become more virulent, dengue epidemics, H1N1-changing pattern Host factors: Patient in immunocompromised-uncommon infections become common, cryptosporidia in HIV, cryptococcal meningitis, toxoplasmosis, the usual organisms make take longer time to respond due to poor immunity, IRIS in HIV Paradoxical reactions in TB, host associated disease, renal stones-can lead to UTI due to proteus. Doctor factors: What the mind does not know, the eyes do not see, The ears do not hear, What the mind does not want to know the information may be serp citoibitna lanoitar ,nerdlihc detcefni VIH ni sixalyhporp HNI ,sixalyhporp evitneverP ,regnol emoceb yam noitarud tnemtaert ,sitigninem cinegoyp ni tnemtaert laciripme sa sniropsolahpec noitareneg dr3 ot nicymocnaV fo noitiddA ,egnahc yam stcetorp tnemtaerT :snoitatsefinam lausunu eseht fo emoctuO elbaliava ton llits tub ereht thgircribing, Hospital practices in ICUs change, Stricter monitoring for disease, immunized, started on ceftriaxone and dexamethasone. Complications of Hib meningitis: Subdural effusion or empyema, Ischemic or hemorrhagic cortical infarction, Cerebritis, Ventriculitis, Intracerebral abscess and hydrocephalus Conclusion: Most of the unusual manifestations are actually known manifestations are actually known manifestations of that infection.Awareness of the same is essential. Rational prescribing practices will prevent unusual complications.Mind must strive to know these unusual presentations. -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "Dr. Rakesh Kumar : About India's Vaccine Scenario | pediatric Oncall " https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UVn6k5moI2s -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 1910 Pediatric Oncall
Antoine Garth talks about the experience of being a caregiver for his friend Steve during Steve's terminal illness with clinical AIDS. This video is freely downloadable from http://www.archive.org/details/aidsvideos_antoine . Visit http://www.GlobalLifeworks.org and http://AIDSvideos.org to learn more. [Do you want to help prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS? Are you fluent in a language other than English? Then volunteer to translate our videos into other languages! Click http://AIDSvideos.org/translate.shtml to to learn how you can help!!! © Copyright 2007-2011 Global Lifeworks. All rights reserved. This work is licensed to be used for non-commercial purposes under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/.]
Views: 8727 AIDSvideos
Shireesha Dhanireddy, MD - Find this and other presentations at http://www.hivecho.org/content/presentations#PID=269
Views: 69 MWAETC: Project ECHO
*Subscribe for more great NCLEX videos: https://www.goo.gl/8mBXbY Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is an acquired infection that causes severe immune dysfunction. HIV infection causes the person to be unusually susceptible to other life-threatening infections and malignancies. HIV is caused by a retrovirus that in its most serious form, results in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Click here: https://www.mometrix.com/academy/nclex-exam/drug-suffixes/ ► Visit: http://www.mometrix.com/academy ► Subscribe to more free test preparation videos: http://bit.ly/1dJH1yb ► Follow Mometrix Academy on Pinterest: http://bit.ly/1hZE2Jj ► Learn more About Us: http://bit.ly/1ewIADC
Views: 7687 NCLEX Study Guide
"Key facts HIV continues to be a major global public health issue, having claimed more than 35 million lives so far. In 2016, 1.0 million people died from HIV-related causes globally. There were approximately 36.7 million people living with HIV at the end of 2016 with 1.8 million people becoming newly infected in 2016 globally. 54% of adults and 43% of children living with HIV are currently receiving lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART). Global ART coverage for pregnant and breastfeeding women living with HIV is high at 76% . The WHO African Region is the most affected region, with 25.6 million people living with HIV in 2016. The African region also accounts for almost two thirds of the global total of new HIV infections. HIV infection is often diagnosed through rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs), which detect the presence or absence of HIV antibodies. Most often these tests provide same-day test results, which are essential for same day diagnosis and early treatment and care. In 2015, an estimated 44% of new infections occurred among key populations and their partners. There is no cure for HIV infection. However, effective antiretroviral (ARV) drugs can control the virus and help prevent transmission so that people with HIV, and those at substantial risk, can enjoy healthy, long and productive lives. It is estimated that currently only 70% of people with HIV know their status. To reach the target of 90%, an additional 7.5 million people need to access HIV testing services. In mid-2017, 20.9 million people living with HIV were receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) globally. Between 2000 and 2016, new HIV infections fell by 39%, and HIV-related deaths fell by one third with 13.1 million lives saved due to ART in the same period. This achievement was the result of great efforts by national HIV programmes supported by civil society and a range of development partners. The most advanced stage of HIV infection is Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), which can take from 2 to 15 years to develop depending on the individual. AIDS is defined by the development of certain cancers, infections, or other severe clinical manifestations. Signs and symptoms The symptoms of HIV vary depending on the stage of infection. Though people living with HIV tend to be most infectious in the first few months, many are unaware of their status until later stages. The first few weeks after initial infection, individuals may experience no symptoms or an influenza-like illness including fever, headache, rash, or sore throat. As the infection progressively weakens the immune system, an individual can develop other signs and symptoms, such as swollen lymph nodes, weight loss, fever, diarrhoea and cough. Without treatment, they could also develop severe illnesses such as tuberculosis, cryptococcal meningitis, severe bacterial infections and cancers such as lymphomas and Kaposi's sarcoma, among others. Transmission HIV can be transmitted via the exchange of a variety of body fluids from infected individuals, such as blood, breast milk, semen and vaginal secretions. Individuals cannot become infected through ordinary day-to-day contact such as kissing, hugging, shaking hands, or sharing personal objects, food or water. Risk factors Behaviours and conditions that put individuals at greater risk of contracting HIV include: having unprotected anal or vaginal sex; having another sexually transmitted infection such as syphilis, herpes, chlamydia, gonorrhoea, and bacterial vaginosis; sharing contaminated needles, syringes and other injecting equipment and drug solutions when injecting drugs; receiving unsafe injections, blood transfusions, tissue transplantation, medical procedures that involve unsterile cutting or piercing; and experiencing accidental needle stick injuries, including among health workers. can occur during all stages of the infection. It is best practice to also retest all people initially diagnosed as HIV-positive before they enrol in care and/or treatment to rule out any potential testing or reporting error. Notably, once a person diagnosed with HIV and has started treatment they should not be retested. HIV testing services HIV testing should be voluntary and the right to decline testing should be recognized. Mandatory or coerced testing by a health care provider, authority, or by a partner or family member is not acceptable as it undermines good public health practice and infringes on human rights. New technologies to help people test themselves are being introduced, with many countries implementing self-testing as an additional option to encourage HIV diagnosis.All HIV testing services must follow the 5 Cs principles recommended by WHO: informed Consent Confidentiality Counselling Correct test results Connection (linkage to care, treatment and other services). Global health sector strategy on HIV, 2016-2021
Views: 175 The Hagir Show
Cryptococcosis is the disease caused by the fungus known as Cryptococcus. Cryptococcus is a type of fungus that is found in the soil, usually in association with bird droppings. The major species of Cryptococcus that causes illness in human is Cryptococcus neoformans, which is found worldwide. Another less common species that can also cause disease in humans is Cryptococcus gattii. Since 1999, C. gattii has also been found in regions of the Pacific Northwest, particularly in Vancouver Island in British Columbia, and Oregon and Washington in the United States.
Views: 17321 Paul Cochrane
50ish-year-old female that presented with acute onset delirium and seizures. There is patchy ill-defined T2 FLAIR hyperintense signal involving the subcortical, deep, and periventricular white matter of the supratentorial compartment, worse in the frontal horn and periatrial regions. There is a more nodular region of T2 FLAIR hyperintense signal within the subcortical white matter of the posterolateral left temporal lobe and patchy T2 FLAIR hyperintense signal abnormality in the substance of the midbrain tegmentum extending into the tectal plate. There are no suspicious abnormalities on the diffusion-weighted images, and post contrast sequences demonstrate ill-defined enhancement along the perivascular spaces worse in the bilateral frontal regions. A differential of meningoencephalitis, demyelinating disease, and vasculitis was given. Lumbar puncture and CSF fluid analysis was performed demonstrating a cryptococcal meningitis. CNS cryptococcosis results from infection of the central nervous system the with the fungus cryptococcus neoformans. Disease is more commonly seen in immunocompromised individuals. Clinical presentation typically begins with meningitis or meningoencephalitis, headache, seizure or altered vision due to raised intracranial pressure. Common MR imaging features include enlarged perivascular spaces within the basal ganglia with a pseudocyst appearance. NMR303G For more, visit our website at http://ctisus.com
Views: 1422 CTisus
This video is part of a comprehensive medical school microbiology, immunology & infectious diseases course. Your comments on videos will be key as we iterate content. If you are interested in implementing all or part of this course, we are happy to share and would only ask for your candid evaluation in return: https://stanfordmedicine.qualtrics.com/SE/?SID=SV_8i98rRk2XRCXQ45 If you are interested in collaborating with us, please contact: [email protected] This course was created collaboratively between Stanford, UW, Duke, UCSF, and University of Michigan and made possible by support from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.
Views: 11343 RWJF Microbiology, Immunology & Infectious Diseases
http://www.pozspaces.com ---This is a warm-hearted and exclusive community for singles and friends with STDs. Chiacchia charged with not telling sex partner about HIV.
Views: 294 chloe smith
Meningitis Alert For Gay and Bissexual Men and National HIV Test
Views: 371 News Up Now
The Pred-rt study is coordinated by Dr Graeme Meintjes (University of Cape Town, South Africa) and conducted in an HIV-TB clinic in Khayelitsha, a community of 500,000 people on the outskirts of Cape Town with very high rates of TB and HIV. The PredART study aims to develop a treatment intervention to address the TB-IRIS complication in HIV-TB co-infected patients. When patients have both HIV and TB infections, treatments need to be combined. One of the most common complications in those patients is TB IRIS. As the successful start of HIV-treatment with antiretrovirals leads to a rapid reconstitution of the immune system, a strong inflammatory response to the tuberculosis and other infections may result. This can be life threatening or at the very least undermine patients confidence in their treatment. Currently there is no preventative strategy for TB IRIS, therefore the PredART study aims to test an intervention with prednisone, which – if successful – might influence international guidelines for the treatment of HIV-TB co-infection.
Views: 881 edctpmedia
Fluka 150 MG Tablet Manufactured By Cipla Ltd. Contains Fluconazole Fluka 150 MG Tablet is an anti-fungal drug. It is used to prevent and treat infections caused by fungi and yeasts. It acts by stopping the growth and multiplication of these organisms. Uses of Fluka 150 MG Tablet What is it prescribed for? • Oropharyngeal Candidiasis Fluka 150 MG Tablet is used to treat fungal infection in the mouth. • Esophageal Candidiasis Fluka 150 MG Tablet is used to treat the fungal infection of the oesophagus or the "food pipe" causing odynophagia or painful swallowing. • Cryptococcal Meningitis Fluka 150 MG Tablet is used to treat meningitis, a rare infection that affects the delicate membranes called meninges that covers the brain and spinal cord, caused by a group of fungi of Cryptococcus strain. • Vaginal Candidiasis Fluka 150 MG Tablet is used to treat yeast infection in the female genital organ causing pain, itching and burning sensation with unusual discharge. • Urinary Tract Infection Fluka 150 MG Tablet is used to treat fungal infections of the urinary tract. • Peritonitis Fluka 150 MG Tablet is used to treat the fungal infection that causes inflammation of the peritoneum, a thin layer of tissue that covers the inside of the abdomen and most of the organs present within the abdomen. • Candidemia Fluka 150 MG Tablet is used to treat Candidemia, a condition in which the fungus Candida enters the bloodstream and from the blood to eyes, kidneys, liver and brain causing Invasive candidemia. • Prophylaxis of Infections in Special Population Fluka 150 MG Tablet is used for preventing possible fungal infections in people who are undergoing chemotherapy or have AIDS. Side effects of fluka 150 tablet Major & minor side effects for Fluka 150 MG Tablet • Headache • Nausea and Vomiting • Abdominal pain • Diarrhea • Skin rash • QT Prolongation • Alopecia • Seizures • Swelling of face, lips, eyelids, tongue, hands and feet= -------------- In this video Following topic are covered: 1. fluka 150 dosage 2. fluka 150 tablet dosage 3. fluconazole 150 mg dosage 4. fluka 150 for female 5. fluconazole 150mg tablets uses in hindi 6. fluconazole 150 mg how fast does it work 7. fluconazole side effects 8. fluka 150 for male in hindi 9. fluka 150 tablet 10. fluka 150 tablet telugu 11. fluka 150 capsules 12. fluka 150 tablet dosage, 13. fluka 150 tablet tamil 14. fluka 150 how to use 15. fluka 150 hindi 16. fluka 150 tamil 17. fluka 150 गोली 18. fluka 150mg tablet full review in hindi 19. fluka 150 price 20. how to take fluka 150 21. fluka 150 के सभी जानकारी 22. fulka टेबलेट के बारे में सभी जानकारी 23. fluka 150mg tablet का क्या यूज है 24. fluka 150 25. fluka 150 tablet use 26. fluka 150 tablet dose 27. fluka 150 tablet side effect ================================================ हेल्लो दोस्तो ONLY MEDICINE चैनल पर आपका स्वागत है. ONLY MEDICINE चैनल पर आपको MEDICINE के USES,SIDE,EFFECT,TREATMENT के RELATED विडियो देखने को मिलेंगे.अगर आपको MEDICINE के RELATED कोई भी जानकारी चाहिये तो इस ONLY MEDICINE चैनल को SUBSCRIBE करे और साथ मे BELL के ICON को भी दबा दे. PLEASE CONSULT TO YOUR PHYSICIAN BEFORE USE OF ANY MEDICINES. ====================================== My social media.....: → Face book : https://bit.ly/2RQ6Tb9 → Twitter :https://bit.ly/2kDATUm → Instagram : https://www.instagram.com/aneesbharti/ → MY WEBSITE : https://only-medicine.blogspot.com ==================================================== → Credit ---- If i have used in this video some Google Data( Images, Music, etc.). So I Give the Credit of Respected Owners and thank you so much for providing the data. If you feel bad please 1st contact me and after take any action. → All rights reserved to the respective Owners* → No copyright infringement intended for music video. ====================================== Contact mail ID : [email protected] ====================================== #ONLYMEDICINE #fluka150tablets #fluconazoleTablets #fluconazole #fluka
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This Version of Cryptococcus gattii has been Genetically Modified and is Resistant to Treatment leaving a Trail of Death. Canada and United States have New Cases of Great Numbers to point of concern. This novel fungus is worrisome because it appears to be a threat to otherwise healthy people. This is Spreading to ALL types of Animals , even DOLPHINS!!! Read More: http://www.emaxhealth.com/1275/fungus-cryptococcus-gatti-threat-healthy-people.html Infection with C. gattii causes symptoms about two weeks or more after individuals or animals have been exposed to the airborne spores. Once the spores are inhaled, they embed themselves in the lungs, colonize, and then spread throughout the body. Symptoms include persistent cough, pneumonia, sharp chest pains, shortness of breath, fever, weight loss, headache, and nighttime sweats. Meningitis can also occur.
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APPROACH trial results evaluating multiple “prime boost” regimens to identify the most promising path forward in the search for an HIV vaccine (Translational Vaccinology Symposium) Phase 3 trial results examining the effectiveness of a simpler treatment for HIV related cryptococcal meningitis, which kills more than 100,000 people each year (B5573) 96-week LATTE-2 trial result investigating a two-drug, long-acting injectable HIV treatment (B5628) Assessment of the nationwide impact of expanded HIV testing and treatment in a country with one of the world’s worst HIV epidemics (B5837) International open label trial assessing the feasibility, safety and efficacy of hepatitis C treatment among HIV co infected patients in sub-Saharan Africa (B5838) Speakers: Linda-Gail Bekker, IAS 2017 International Scientific Chair Dan Barouch, Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School Sile Molloy, Epidemiologist and International Project Manager, St George's University of London Joseph Eron, Professor of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Velephi Okello, Deputy Director of Health Services-Clinical Services, Ministry of Health - Swaziland Karine Lacombe, Associate Professor, Saint-Antoine Hospital, Inserm, France
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Insights into Microbial Pathogenesis and Immunology from Cryptococcus Neoformans Air date: Wednesday, January 28, 2015, 3:00:00 PM Category: WALS - Wednesday Afternoon Lectures Runtime: 00:59:37 Description: Wednesday Afternoon Lecture Series The majority of human pathogenic fungi are soil-dwelling microbes that have no obvious need for animal hosts. This raises a fundamental question in microbial pathogenesis: Why do some of these organisms cause disease in mammals? In this lecture we will dissect the biology of the human pathogenic fungus Cryptococcus neoformans in an effort to glean an explanation for the origin of virulence. C. neoformans is an intracellular pathogen with a remarkable replicative strategy that includes the capacity for exciting the host cell without triggering its lysis. This process involves inflicting just enough damage to the host cell to interfere with its microbicidal properties without triggering cell-death pathways such that intracellular replication can proceed unhindered while the host cell remains alive to participate in the exit of fungal cells. The similarity in the interactions between cryptococcal cells with macrophages and amoeba has led to the proposal that the cells' capacity for mammalian virulence emerged accidentally as a result of environmental interactions with phagocytic predators. In this lecture we will also explore the fascinating properties of melanin, an enigmatic pigment that performs a myriad of functions from enhancing cell-wall integrity to energy transduction. We will also consider some of the immunological lessons from studying C. neoformans, which produced important insights into novel antibody protective functions. Finally, we will look at the big picture of fungal pathogenesis and explore the concept of accidental virulence and the likelihood that global warming will bring new fungal diseases. Author: Arturo Casadevall, M.D., Ph.D., Professor in the Department of Medicine and in the Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine; Chair, Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Permanent link: http://videocast.nih.gov/launch.asp?18822
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Medical advise disclaimer The content and information provided in this video are for information use only and are not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment in any manner. Response to treatment may vary from Patient to Patient. I am not recommending this specific treatment approach and other approaches are available. Talk to a doctor to determine if a specific treatment is right for you. Lauric acid becomes monolaurin in the body. Monolaurin dissolves the outer protective layers of viruses. Coconut milk is the highest known natural source of lauric acid 46% of the fatty acids in coconut milk are lauric acid. Ionic silver or colloidal silver are monatomic silver particles in purified water. The presence of colloidal silver near a virus, fungus, bacterium or any other single celled pathogen disables it's oxygen metabolism enzyme, its chemical lung. Within a few minutes the pathogen suffocates and dies and is cleared out of the body by the immune, lymphatic and it elimination system. Cure disease, diseases Chickenpox Flu (influenza) Herpes Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/AIDS) Human papillomavirus (HPV) Infectious mononucleosis Mumps, measles and rubella Shingles Viral gastroenteritis (stomach flu) Viral hepatitis Viral meningitis Viral pneumonia
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Meningitis, cryptococcal Meningitis, cryptococcal: Inflammation of the meninges due to infection with the fungal organism Cryptococcus neoformans, which is found mainly in dirt and bird droppings. Most people have been exposed to this organism at some time, but normally it causes no problems. Often associated with AIDS, cryptococcal meningitis is considered an opportunistic infection: a disease that emerges most often when the immune system is compromised in some way. Diagnosis is made via observation of symptoms, lumbar puncture, and cryptococcal titre. Treatment takes place in the hospital and usually consists of intravenous doses of the antibiotic amphotericin B. After the infection is under control, patients usually remain on a maintenance dose of fluconazole (brand name: Diflucan) to prevent reinfection. How to pronounce Meningitis, cryptococcal definition of Meningitis, cryptococcal audio dictionary How to say Meningitis, cryptococcal What is the meaning of Meningitis, cryptococcal Pronounce Meningitis, cryptococcal Medical dictionary Medical definition of Meningitis, cryptococcal
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