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How Lead is Mined & Refined: "A Story Of Lead" 1948 US Bureau of Mines; Lead Metal Mining & Refining
 
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Support this channel: https://www.patreon.com/jeffquitney more at http://scitech.quickfound.net/geology_news_and_links.html "Portrays mining operations in the lead belt of southeast Missouri--the crushing of ore, smelting, refining and other steps in the production of pig lead." Originally a public domain film from the US National Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lead Wikipedia license: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ Lead has been commonly used for thousands of years because it is widespread, easy to extract and easy to work with. It is highly malleable as well as easy to smelt. Metallic lead beads dating back to 6400 BCE have been found in Çatalhöyük in modern-day Turkey. In the early Bronze Age, lead was used with antimony and arsenic. The largest preindustrial producer of lead was the Roman economy, with an estimated annual output of 80,000 tonnes, which was typically won as a by-product of extensive silver smelting. Roman mining activities occurred in Central Europe, Roman Britain, the Balkans, Greece, Asia Minor and Hispania which alone accounted for 40% of world production. Roman lead pipes often bore the insignia of Roman emperors (see Roman lead pipe inscriptions). Lead plumbing in the Latin West may have been continued beyond the age of Theoderic the Great into the medieval period. Many Roman "pigs" (ingots) of lead figure in Derbyshire lead mining history and in the history of the industry in other English centers. The Romans also used lead in molten form to secure iron pins that held together large limestone blocks in certain monumental buildings. In alchemy, lead was thought to be the oldest metal and was associated with the planet Saturn. Alchemists accordingly used Saturn's symbol (the scythe, ♄) to refer to lead. Up to the 17th century, tin was often not distinguished from lead: lead was called plumbum nigrum (literally, "black lead"), while tin was called plumbum candidum (literally, "bright lead")... Most ores contain less than 10% lead, and ores containing as little as 3% lead can be economically exploited. Ores are crushed and concentrated by froth flotation typically to 70% or more. Sulfide ores are roasted, producing primarily lead oxide and a mixture of sulfates and silicates of lead and other metals contained in the ore. Lead oxide from the roasting process is reduced in a coke-fired blast furnace to the metal. Additional layers separate in the process and float to the top of the metallic lead. These are slag (silicates containing 1.5% lead), matte (sulfides containing 15% lead), and speiss (arsenides of iron and copper). These wastes contain concentrations of copper, zinc, cadmium, and bismuth that can be recovered economically, as can their content of unreduced lead. Metallic lead that results from the roasting and blast furnace processes still contains significant contaminants of arsenic, antimony, bismuth, zinc, copper, silver, and gold. The melt is treated in a reverberatory furnace with air, steam, and sulfur, which oxidizes the contaminants except silver, gold, and bismuth. The oxidized contaminants are removed by drossing, where they float to the top and are skimmed off. Since lead ores contain significant concentrations of silver, the smelted metal also is commonly contaminated with silver. Metallic silver as well as gold is removed and recovered economically by means of the Parkes process. Desilvered lead is freed of bismuth according to the Betterton-Kroll process by treating it with metallic calcium and magnesium, which forms a bismuth dross that can be skimmed off. Very pure lead can be obtained by processing smelted lead electrolytically by means of the Betts process. The process uses anodes of impure lead and cathodes of pure lead in an electrolyte of silica fluoride...
Views: 14691 Jeff Quitney
GOLD RUSH - GOLD TOWNS (Old Wild West History Documentary)
 
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GOLD RUSH - GOLD TOWNS (Old Wild West History Documentary) INCREDIBLE HISTORY DOCUMENTARY - In the early 19th century, California was a dusty outpost few Americans had visited. Settlers began to trickle west, but it wasn't until 1849 that the onslaught began the Gold Rush. Gold Rush Ghost Towns explores one of America's most fascinating periods: the glory days of the western Gold Rush.
Views: 669566 Wild West History
Centralia Burning Ghost Town - Pennsylvania USA
 
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Centralia, Pennsylvania was nearly entirely evacuated following a coal mine fire, burning beneath the town since 1962. Centralia’s fire started in 1962, when residents turned an old strip mine into a dump, and setting the rubbish alight. The fire spread through an unsealed opening to the underground coal mines, igniting a seam of coal, and the fire has been burning to this day. In 1992, Pennsylvania condemned the town and claimed it under eminent domain in an attempt for force the remaining residents out. Some sued, and were allowed to stay. A section of State Route 61 was abandoned after it began to buckle and crumble from the underground fire. The fire stretches 12km, and burns underneath an area of 15 square kilometres, 300 feet below ground, authorities say the fire could burn for another 250 years. The town now mostly attracts tourists who visit an abandoned highway, where many profanities and obscene pictures are spray painted onto it, over time the highway has earned the nickname Graffiti Highway. Centralia is rumored to have inspired Silent Hill. Thanks for watching ____________________________________________________________________ CREDIT LINKS ► Joey Underground Youtube - https://www.youtube.com/user/kurtishamilton1986 ► Abandoned Town of Centralia - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5TNYN3rEBws ► ABANDONED_PA Youtube Channel - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xw8JkFvrKJY ► ABANDONED_PA Video - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xw8JkFvrKJY ____________________________________________________________________ ► Wonder World Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/wonderworld.ytc.10 ► Wonder World Twitter - https://twitter.com/WonderWorld_YTC For business enquiries, content submission or copyright concerns or disputes, please contact us at [email protected]
Views: 1695414 Wonder World
Tom Kitchar - U S  Mining law
 
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Tom Kitchar, president of the Waldo mining district in Josephine County, Oregon, talks about the history of U.S mining law, how it came about, and what it means.
Views: 1704 overregulation
Silver Mining & Silversmiths: "Heirlooms of Tomorrow" 1930 US Bureau of Mines
 
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Metals playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL64F10A579EB0A526 Geology & Earth Sciences playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL33B1A9216BB65F7A more at http://quickfound.net "This film is silent... Shows the manufacture of silver tableware. Reel 1, dies and molds are made and used to make designs on silverware. Reel 2 shows operations in the manufacture of hollow ware. Reel 3 shows silver mine operations and processes by which silver is extracted. Shows ingots being rolled. Shows silver implements at a wedding and at a party." Public domain film from the US National Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and one-pass brightness-contrast-color correction & mild video noise reduction applied. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silver Silver is the metallic element with the atomic number 47. Its symbol is Ag, from the Latin argentum, derived from the Greek ὰργὀς (literally "shiny" or "white"), and ultimately from a Proto-Indo-European language root reconstructed as *h2erǵ-, "grey" or "shining". A soft, white, lustrous transition metal, it exhibits the highest electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, and reflectivity of any metal. The metal is found in the Earth's crust in the pure, free elemental form ("native silver"), as an alloy with gold and other metals, and in minerals such as argentite and chlorargyrite. Most silver is produced as a byproduct of copper, gold, lead, and zinc refining. Silver is more abundant than gold, but it is much less abundant as a native metal. Its purity is typically measured on a per mille basis; a 94%-pure alloy is described as "0.940 fine". As one of the seven metals of antiquity, silver has had an enduring role in most human cultures. Silver has long been valued as a precious metal. Silver metal is used in many premodern monetary systems in bullion coins, sometimes alongside gold. Silver is used in numerous applications other than currency, such as solar panels, water filtration, jewelry, ornaments, high-value tableware and utensils (hence the term silverware), and as an investment medium (coins and bullion). Silver is used industrially in electrical contacts and conductors, in specialized mirrors, window coatings, and in catalysis of chemical reactions. Silver compounds are used in photographic film and X-rays. Dilute silver nitrate solutions and other silver compounds are used as disinfectants and microbiocides (oligodynamic effect), added to bandages and wound-dressings, catheters, and other medical instruments... Jewelry and silverware Jewelry and silverware are traditionally made from sterling silver (standard silver), an alloy of 92.5% silver with 7.5% copper. In the US, only alloys at least 0.900-fine silver can be sold as "silver" (frequently stamped 900). Sterling silver (stamped 925) is harder than pure silver and has a lower melting point (893 °C) than either pure silver or pure copper.[5] Britannia silver is an alternative, hallmark-quality standard containing 95.8% silver, often used for silver tableware and wrought plate. The patented alloy Argentium sterling silver is formed by the addition of germanium, having improved properties including resistance to firescale. Sterling silver jewelry is often plated with a thin coat of .999-fine silver to create a shiny finish. This process is called "flashing". Silver jewelry can also be plated with rhodium (for a bright shine) or gold (silver gilt). Silver is a constituent of almost all colored carat gold alloys and carat gold solders, giving the alloys paler color and greater hardness. White 9-carat gold contains 62.5% silver and 37.5% gold, while 22-carat gold contains a minimum of 91.7% gold and 8.3% silver or copper or other metals. Historically, the training and guild organization of goldsmiths included silversmiths, and the two crafts remain largely overlapping. Unlike blacksmiths, silversmiths do not shape the metal while it is softened with heat, but work it at room temperature with gentle and carefully placed hammer blows. The essence of silversmithing is to transform a piece of flat metal into a useful object with hammers, stakes, and other simple tools. While silversmiths specialize and work principally in silver, they also work with other metals, such as gold, copper, steel, and brass, to make jewelry, silverware, armor, vases, and other artistic items. Because silver is so malleable, silversmiths have many choices for working the metal. Historically, silversmiths are usually called goldsmiths and are usually members of the same guild. The western Canadian silversmith tradition does not include guilds but mentoring through colleagues is a common method of professional advancement. Traditionally, silversmiths mostly made "silverware" (cutlery, tableware, bowls, candlesticks and such). Handmade solid silver tableware is now much less common...
Views: 3175 Jeff Quitney
Finding Something Unexpected in an Abandoned Copper Mine
 
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What an unexpected discovery! Paul and I never imagined finding what we found deep in this abandoned copper mine in Arizona. The Warren-Bisbee Mine's obscure entrance was basically a rabbit hole and didn't look too promising. However, once we gained entry by sliding in on our backs, the tunnels opened up and were surprisingly extensive. One tunnel led us deep into the mine to an inner area where we found -- something. Something impressive. Something rare that I've only seen a few times in abandoned mines over the last seven years or so. And it's all here in this video. Enjoy! Don't forget: New videos are released at midnight (Pacific Time) on the 1st, 10th, and 20th of each month. View and use the information in my videos at your own risk. All abandoned mines (especially the ones in my videos) are very dangerous and should not be entered under any circumstances. No potentially life-threatening, dangerous, or legal decisions and assumptions should be made based on information in my videos.
7 Super Toxic U.S. Sites
 
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Let's face it: Humans are pretty messy. Industrial processes like mining and manufacturing are important parts of keeping civilization going, but they all impact the environment. Sometimes that impact is particularly big and messy, leaving behind hazardous waste that can take years or even decades to clean up. Hosted by: Hank Green ---------- Dooblydoo thanks go to the following Patreon supporters -- we couldn't make SciShow without them! Shout out to Patrick Merrithew, Will and Sonja Marple, Thomas J., Kevin Bealer, Chris Peters, charles george, Kathy & Tim Philip, Tim Curwick, Bader AlGhamdi, Justin Lentz, Patrick D. Ashmore, Mark Terrio-Cameron, Benny, Fatima Iqbal, Accalia Elementia, Kyle Anderson, and Philippe von Bergen. -------------------- Sources: http://nationalgeographic.org/news/superfund/ https://www.epa.gov/superfund https://www.epa.gov/superfund/superfund-history https://www.bu.edu/lovecanal/canal/ https://cumulis.epa.gov/supercpad/cursites/csitinfo.cfm?id=0201290 http://nationalgeographic.org/news/superfund/ http://www.nytimes.com/2004/03/18/nyregion/love-canal-declared-clean-ending-toxic-horror.html?_r=0 https://www.geneseo.edu/history/love_canal_history https://www.epa.gov/aboutepa/love-canal-tragedy https://www.health.ny.gov/environmental/investigations/love_canal/cancer_study_community_report.htm http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/phs/phs.asp?id=658&tid=121 https://cumulis.epa.gov/supercpad/cursites/dsp_ssppSiteData2.cfm?id=0500761#Risk https://cumulis.epa.gov/supercpad/cursites/csitinfo.cfm?id=0500761 https://www3.epa.gov/region5/superfund/redevelop/pdfs/Kerr-McGee_(Reed-Keppler_Park).pdf http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/epa-33-million-cleanup-complete-at-reed-keppler-park-superfund-site-72372622.html http://www.world-nuclear.org/information-library/nuclear-fuel-cycle/nuclear-wastes/radioactive-waste-management.aspx https://www.sciencenews.org/article/foam-gets-its-shot-anthrax http://www.cdc.gov/anthrax/basics/how-people-are-infected.html http://www.livescience.com/37755-what-is-anthrax-bioterrorism.html http://www.lenntech.com/processes/disinfection/chemical/disinfectants-chlorine-dioxide.htm http://www.sandia.gov/media/cbwfoam.htm http://www.nytimes.com/1999/03/16/science/chemists-create-foam-to-fight-nerve-gases.html http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d03686.pdf http://jb.asm.org/content/191/24/7587.full https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1346&dat=20020117&id=jL0wAAAAIBAJ&sjid=m_0DAAAAIBAJ&pg=5339,4689386&hl=en http://www.clordisys.com/whatcd.php http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK215288/ http://oregonstate.edu/ehs/asb-when http://www.madehow.com/Volume-4/Asbestos.html https://www.epa.gov/indoor-air-quality-iaq/volatile-organic-compounds-impact-indoor-air-quality https://www3.epa.gov/region1/superfund/sites/blackburn/259640.pdf https://cumulis.epa.gov/supercpad/cursites/csitinfo.cfm?id=0101713 http://www.walpole-ma.gov/sites/walpolema/files/file/file/blackburn032911.pdf http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/phs/phs.asp?id=37&tid=14 http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/hac/pha/pha.asp?docid=1240&pg=2 https://weather.com/slideshows/news/berkeley-pit-montana-toxic-20130920 http://www.atlasobscura.com/places/berkeley-pit http://www.pitwatch.org/31-years-since-pumps-stopped/ https://cumulis.epa.gov/supercpad/cursites/csitinfo.cfm?id=0800416 http://www.pitwatch.org/what-is-the-critical-water-level-cwl/ http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/health/case_studies/butte_case_stud.html http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/wq/pesticides/enviroReview/riskAssess/CAOHRiskAssess.pdf http://www.itrcweb.org/miningwaste-guidance/References/2079-ZickPA.pdf http://www.umt.edu/urelations/_cms/_archive/research_view_archive/Summer%202012/Scientific%20Marriage.php http://www.pitwatch.org/plan-for-treatment-technology-assessment/ http://www.pitwatch.org/what-is-the-horseshoe-bend-water-treatment-plant/ https://darrp.noaa.gov/sites/default/files/case-documents/PCBContamincationOfTheHudsonRiverEcosystem.pdf http://www.greenfacts.org/en/pcbs/l-2/1-polychlorinated-biphenyls.htm http://www.clearwater.org/news/pcbhealth.html http://www.nytimes.com/2009/05/16/science/earth/16dredge.html?pagewanted=all http://www.riverkeeper.org/campaigns/stop-polluters/pcbs/ https://www3.epa.gov/hudson/cleanup.html#quest2 http://www.mnn.com/health/healthy-spaces/photos/10-superfund-sites-where-are-they-now/hudson-river-new-york#top-desktop http://www.wsj.com/articles/ge-nears-end-of-hudson-river-cleanup-1447290049 http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/csem/csem.asp?csem=30&po=10 http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/eh/hazardous/topics/tce.html http://www.nesc.wvu.edu/ndwc/articles/QandA/OTw01_Q_A.pdf https://cumulis.epa.gov/supercpad/cursites/dsp_ssppSiteData1.cfm?id=0402598#Why https://cumulis.epa.gov/supercpad/cursites/csitinfo.cfm?id=0402598 http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2015/03/dont-drink-the-water/385837/ http://pulse.pharmacy.arizona.edu/resources/chemicals/case_studies_tce_cdc.pdf http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp19.pdf
Views: 1373881 SciShow
Asteroid Mining Will Revolutionize Our Future Economy
 
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Viewers like you help make PBS (Thank you 😃) . Support your local PBS Member Station here: https://to.pbs.org/PBSDSDonate Don’t miss our next video! SUBSCRIBE! ►► http://bit.ly/iotbs_sub Read “Soonish” by Kelly and Zach Weinersmith! https://smbc-comics.com/soonish/ ↓↓↓ More info and sources below ↓↓↓ Try 23andMe at: http://www.23andme.com/okay Asteroid mining sounds like something out of a bad space movie, but harvesting materials from space rocks might be our ticket to building space colonies or living on Mars. Most of Earth’s precious and rare metals are locked too far in the crust for us to get at them, and launching them to space is too expensive for us to supply large colonies off Earth or explore far off worlds. How do we get our hands on the planetary resources inside asteroids? Let’s find out! Special thanks to Kelly and Zach Weinersmith for working with us on this video. Check out their new book “Soonish” for a hilarious and science-filled look at future technologies: https://smbc-comics.com/soonish/ SOURCES/EXTRAS: Badescu, Viorel, ed. Asteroids: Prospective energy and material resources. Springer Science & Business Media, 2013. Crawford, Ian A. "Asteroids in the service of humanity." arXiv preprint arXiv:1306.2678 (2013). Kleine, Thorsten. "Geoscience: Earth's patchy late veneer." Nature 477.7363 (2011): 168-169. ----------- FOLLOW US: Merch: https://store.dftba.com/collections/its-okay-to-be-smart Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/itsokaytobesmart Twitter: @okaytobesmart @DrJoeHanson Tumblr: http://www.itsokaytobesmart.com Instagram: @DrJoeHanson Snapchat: YoDrJoe ----------- It’s Okay To Be Smart is hosted by Joe Hanson, Ph.D. Director: Joe Nicolosi Writer: Dr. Shaena Montanari Editor/animator: Andrew Orsak Producer: Stephanie Noone and Amanda Fox Produced by PBS Digital Studios Music via APM Stock images from Shutterstock http://www.shutterstock.com -----------
Views: 258225 It's Okay To Be Smart
Bizarre Discoveries in Mines
 
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Here are 11 of the most unusual findings deep in the earth like ancient and time primate fossils or trapped toads alive in rocks!! Subscribe to Talltanic http://goo.gl/wgfvrr # 7 Toads found in Rock One strange phenomena that still doesn’t have an explanation are toads that find themselves entombed deep into stone and continue to live. For years quarriers and miners have discovered to their surprise, live toads inside of the rocks they crack open. In some cases the toads are found 5, 10, and even 20 feet deep inside of rock. In all cases, they have no visible way in or out and yet in all cases they are all still alive. This bizarre phenomena is often called “toad in the hole”. No one knows how these toads find themselves in the rock, or how they survive without any water, food, or air. # 6 Ghost Miners in Mponeng The world’s deepest gold mine called the Mponeng Mine located in South Africa runs so far into the ground with so many winding tunnels that it’s almost like a dark underground city. The expansive, dark, and hot mine is almost impossible to completely keep watch over so every once in awhile an illegal squatter will be discovered. Mponeng squatters are called “ghost miners” and will find empty caverns to make their home in, illegally mine gold to sell above ground, and will even meet with prostitutes in the mines. # 5 The Bold Travelers of Mponeng - Desulforudis audaxviator In the world’s deepest gold mine, a new species of bacterium was discovered called Desulforudis audaxviator. Audaxviator translates to “bold traveller” which refers to the fact that the bacteria was found 2 miles below the surface of the Earth and is the only organism in its ecosystem. The strange bacteria has evolved to live without sunshine or oxygen. Instead, it lives off of hydrogen and sulfide as food, which come from the breakdown of radioactive elements. Basically, it’s a nuclear waste eating bacteria. It’s the only one of its kind and have amazed scientists with its complete solitude underground. # 4 Giant Roach Fossil Found in Ohio Coal Mine Geologists were combing through an old coal mine in an area known for its plant fossils when they discovered an extremely rare fossil. It was a giant roach fossil - about 4 inches long and twice as big as most modern American roaches. The fossil is rare because it’s completely in tact, while most insect fossils are only partial imprints. Fossils in the cave also preserved some of the smallest cockroach fossils ever found and their color patterns. Inside the coal mine, even more rare insect fossils were found including a rare ancient arachnid and a 60 inch long and 12 inch wide centipede. The chemistry of this coal mine in Ohio somehow preserved these insects with extreme detail that is not seen anywhere else. # 3 Dead Body found in Ghost Town Mine Hobby adventurers had the scare of their life when they were exploring an abandoned ghost town called Whroo in Victoria, Australia. The two were in the ghost town’s abandoned mine when they found a dead body covered in plastic and shoved into a deeper hole inside. The victim was a 50 year old man in a Neil Young shirt and the perpetrators were later found to be a 26 year old man and 30 year old woman. The details on this case are scarce, but it has all the makings of a really good CSI episode. # 2 Four Square Miles of Carboniferous Forest Discovered The fossils of almost an entire forest from the Carboniferous period was uncovered in the ceiling of two adjacent coal mines in Illinois. This discovery is the largest single-period fossil discovery in recorded history. Archaeologists delved into the 250 feet deep mine to explore and record the fossils. There were upwards of 200 specimens of detailed shrubs, trees, flowers, and even insects. # 1 Tiny, Strange Primate Fossil In the Krabi coal mine of Thailand, archaeologists uncovered a new species of a teacup sized primate. They found mandibles that belong to the pea-sized primates called Krabia minuta. Krabia minuta were native to Asia and are the ancestors to all monkeys, apes, and humans. They were impressively able to make it to Africa despite being separated from a body of water at the time that was bigger than the Mediterrenean sea. This bizarre find is very important for archaeologists, because it indicates a period of extreme evolution of primates in the area and will continue to yield more discoveries in years to come.
Views: 1077013 Talltanic
South Africa's Illegal Gold Mines
 
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In the 1970s, South Africa was the world's most prolific exporter of gold. Over the years, industrial decline has seen widespread closures of the mines across the country. However, Johannesburg sits on the biggest gold basin ever discovered. It's perhaps not surprising that many of these abandoned mines have seen a recent boom in illegal mining activity. Everyday, hundreds of illegal gold miners, known as Zama Zamas, descend kilometers deep beneath the surface. The miners often spend weeks underground, toiling away at the country's untapped gold reserves. Observers have suggested that illegal mining is now so widespread, black-market gold arguably supports the communities once subsistent on the very same mines they worked in before they shut down. The lack of policing in the mines has seen the practice go on largely unabated. However, in the absence of law enforcement, the extensive network of abandoned mines beneath the region has become an arena to deadly gang warfare between rival factions. VICE News visited illegal mines near Johannesburg, to meet the Zama Zamas risking life and limb everyday in the violent struggle for South Africa's illegal gold. Check out the VICE News beta for more: http://vicenews.com Follow VICE News here: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/vicenews Twitter: https://twitter.com/vicenews Tumblr: http://vicenews.tumblr.com/
Views: 1842399 VICE News
We Found a 150 year old Abandoned Town Hidden in the Arizona Mountains.
 
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This was probably my favorite place to explore ever. Hidden in the Arizona mountains sets Ruby, AZ the most well preserved ghost towns to exist.Also i hate that i must say this however the town was abandoned in the 40's but it was founded over 150 years ago making a 200 + year old town. So before you comment understand that. Subscribe to Tim. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCKRhTLMBV6dU74IvbO8SEJw patreon: https://www.patreon.com/user?u=4575018 spreadshirt: https://www.spreadshirt.com/user/301932432 Mail: P.O. Box 71031 Knoxville, TN 37938 Professional Inquires: [email protected] instagram: https://www.instagram.com/Exploration__Unknown/ twitter: https://twitter.com/explor8tion1 facebook group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/134993677132723
Views: 989803 Exploration Unknown
5 Worst Jobs Given To Children In History
 
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Throughout history children have often been utilised as nothing more than cheap and convenient labour, forced to undertake a whole host of unbelievable and downright dangerous jobs. In an age before legislation which protects the rights of workers, and enforces a minimum working age, young children were often at the mercy of ruthless adults, keen to exploit them for personal profit. So next time you think you are having a bad day at work, spare a thought for these unfortunate souls… 5. Mudlarks 4. Mule Scavengers 3. Coal Miners 2. Chimney Sweeps 1. Powder Monkeys Read articles on my website: http://www.Unknown5.com/ Say hi on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Unknown5-1536133216686538 Tweet me at Twitter: https://twitter.com/Unknown5TV Music by CO.AG: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCcavSftXHgxLBWwLDm_bNvA Track used: "The Lost" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vpowIDAOMhc
Views: 703142 Unknown5
Lucky Discoveries That Made People Rich
 
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From the largest opal in the world, to rare viking treasure hoards, here are lucky discoveries that made people rich! Subscribe to American EYE! 5. Lost Pollack Painting Sometimes you might knowingly have something in your house that you just don’t know is worth a lot of money This was the case for a man living in Scottsdale Arizona who had a college of modern art painting that he just found to be intriguing. He called over some experts to take a look at one of his signed laker posters which was only worth about 300 bucks but the experts noticed something else in the garage that caught their eye! They noticed the series of smears consistent with a modern artist consistent with Jackson Pollock. This American painter is considered a major figure in abstract expressionism and his paintings are worth big bucks! The painting heavily damaged but even then, still worth some serious cash. The had it authenticated by an another expert who closely examined the painting and claimed it was indeed authentic and could sell for anything from 10 million to 15 million dollars! 4. Boulder Matrix Opal It seems like digging around in Australia could certainly pay off. The world’s largest opal matrix was discovered in Queensland Australia in 2011 and this amazing stone has 55,000 carats! That’s about 25 points of pure opal! The previous largest opal ever discovered only was 6,100 carats. This mammoth find took place in the dry outback which receives very little rainfall. It measured in at about 10 inches in length and is valued at 1 million dollars! 3. Jersey Iron Age Coins A great deal of coins were found on the Island of Jersey in 2012 and it may shock you This island in the English Channel that contains a great deal of French and English culture but also contained a massive treasure. After searching for this treasure for 30 years, two amateur treasure hunters found these coins that date back to Iron Age. But no, these weren’t made of iron but silver and was the largest haul of celtic coins to have ever been found. Each coin you see in this person’s hand was found on the island of Jersey is worth at least 200 pounds each, and you can tell they’re still in great condition. This makes the total discovery worth 10 million pounds or 12 million US dollars. They were found under 3 feet of soil under a hedge in someone’s farm. The coins were packed in a clay chest and literally weighed a ton! It’s believed that it was stashed here to keep the Romans from plundering it during their conquest of the British Isles. 2. Sutter’s Mill Gold Discovery Now for a little bit of history. Sometimes when you discover something, you might make other people rich but not necessarily yourself and this was the case for John Sutter. This guy had some bad luck. James Marshall who worked at Sutter’s Mill discovered a massive golden nugget and told his boss John Sutter about it. The two decided to keep it a secret for a while but hired some men to help them pan out the gold. We’ll it turns out that all the miners they hired were a bunch of no good thieves and they stole basically all the gold they came across. The miners basically told everyone that there was gold in them there hills and this is what brought millions of people seeking fast riches! Fortune seekers from all over the world like from China, Germany, Mexico, Ireland Turkey and of course the easter united states, moved to California during this period After all his employees cheated him and took off with gold found on his land, the gold ran out and he was left basically penniless. He decided to give up on the california dream and moved as far away as possible. California officially became a state in 1850, partially thanks to there being gold here. If this moment in history never happened, the western united states would most likely be much less developed and less rich. Now you know why california is called the “Golden State”.1. The Whydah Discovery The Whydah was a British slave ship that was originally captured by “Black Sam” and was found off the coast of Cape Cod in Massachusetts in 1984 by Barry Clifford. He actually credits a pirate treasure map that many discredited as being false. It seems to be the holy grail of pirate discoveries! Priceless artifacts were discovered including 200,000 individual pieces were received under only 14 feet of water. Rare gold and silver coins, gold jewelry and artifacts, cannons, sword handles and even a boy’s leg! The boat is believed to carry the plunder of 10 ships. Spanish Galleons were relentless looted by Black Sam until him and his crew were swept away by a strong storm in 1717. Divers pulled together huge clumps of gold coin masses that stuck together from years of being underwater. A museum exhibition called “Real Pirates: The Untold Story of the Whydah, from Slave Ship to Pirate Ship”, toured the United States.
Views: 3304866 American Eye
Golden Gamble. Gold mining in the Philippines, a dirty business
 
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More films about the Philippines: https://rtd.rt.com/tags/philippines/ - The use of child labour in the Philippine’s Paracale, or ‘Goldtown’, is widespread - Extracting gold involves diving into mud-filled shafts and using toxic mercury - Poverty and lack of alternative jobs force people into this highly dangerous work - Many die young due to work accidents or breathing problems, others develop chronic illness The Philippines’ town of Paracale was dubbed “Goldtown” for its rich deposits of the precious metal. Despite government attempts to regulate mining, illegal pits are still commonplace. They lack even the most basic health and safety and workers are exposed to toxic mercury fumes. Dirty water causes skin diseases and they live with the constant threat of being buried alive. Workers continue to take these risks day after day, because there is no other source of income. Many of the gold miners are children whose families can’t afford to send them to school. Some gold is panned on the surface, but a lot has to be extracted from underground. To do that, prospectors dive into narrow, mud-filled shafts, uses snorkelling masks and long tubes too breathe. If the mine collapses, they have no chance of escape. They have a saying here, ‘while you’re down the mine, you have one foot in the grave’. Several miners have already died that way, others from respiratory diseases caused by inhaling mercury fumes. The toxic metal is used in gold extraction with no safety precautions, so it poisons the air, the ground and the water, causing long-term harm to the whole community. Another danger to the inhabitants of Paracale comes from disused mines, abandoned and left open, waiting for unsuspecting victims to fall in. The business takes its toll on workers, their families and the community. They have been known to demonstrate, demanding safer working conditions, better pay and other job opportunities, but change is slow. Meanwhile, extreme poverty among people who produce one of the world’s most precious metals leaves them no option but to continue with this pitiless occupation. SUBSCRIBE TO RTD Channel to get documentaries firsthand! http://bit.ly/1MgFbVy FOLLOW US RTD WEBSITE: https://RTD.rt.com/ RTD ON TWITTER: http://twitter.com/RT_DOC RTD ON FACEBOOK: http://www.facebook.com/RTDocumentary RTD ON DAILYMOTION http://www.dailymotion.com/rt_doc RTD ON INSTAGRAM https://www.instagram.com/rtd_documentary_channel/ RTD LIVE https://rtd.rt.com/on-air/
Views: 384187 RT Documentary
Nevada Mining History: The Year the NvMA was Founded
 
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The NvMA is celebrating its 105th anniversary this year. Step back in time with us as we look at what else was happening around Nevada and the U.S. in 1913. #NVmining #mineblog Learn more at: https://www.nevadamining.org/what-else-happened-the-year-the-nvma-was-founded/
Views: 76 nevadamining
Cursed by Coal: Mining the Navajo Nation
 
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There's a resource curse on the Navajo Nation. The 27,000-square-mile reservation straddling parts of Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah has an extremely high abundance of many energy resources — particularly coal. That coal is what's burned to provide much of the Southwest with electricity, and it creates jobs for the Navajo. But the mining and burning have also caused environmental degradation, serious health issues, and displacement. VICE News travels to the Navajo Nation to find out how its abundance of coal is affecting the future of the Navajo people. Watch “Toxic: Coal Ash” - http://bit.ly/1zDaW66 Watch “Petcoke: Toxic Waste in the Windy City” - http://bit.ly/1E2YejO Read "Line 61, the Oil Pipeline That Will Dwarf Keystone XL” - http://bit.ly/18iOKad Subscribe to VICE News here: http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-VICE-News Check out VICE News for more: http://vicenews.com Follow VICE News here: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/vicenews Twitter: https://twitter.com/vicenews Tumblr: http://vicenews.tumblr.com/ Instagram: http://instagram.com/vicenews More videos from the VICE network: https://www.fb.com/vicevideos
Views: 187526 VICE News
Coal, Steam, and The Industrial Revolution: Crash Course World History #32
 
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Mongols Shirts and Crash Course Posters! http://store.dftba.com/collections/crashcourse In which John Green wraps up revolutions month with what is arguably the most revolutionary of modern revolutions, the Industrial Revolution. While very few leaders were beheaded in the course of this one, it changed the lives of more people more dramatically than any of the political revolutions we've discussed. So, why did the Industrial Revolution happen around 1750 in the United Kingdom? Coal. Easily accessible coal, it turns out. All this, plus you'll finally learn the difference between James Watt and Thomas Newcomen, and will never again be caught telling people that your blender has a 900 Newcomen motor. Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! ‪http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! ‪http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 3844813 CrashCourse
Top 10 Countries With The LARGEST Gold Reserves!
 
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Check out these 10 countries with the largest gold reserves in the world! This top 10 list features some of the richest and wealthiest countries on earth that have tons of gold bars stacked up somewhere! Subscribe For New Videos! http://goo.gl/UIzLeB Watch our "SURPRISING And Interesting Facts About Money!" video here: https://youtu.be/ONpChSPqVc4 Watch our "Most AMAZING Discoveries With A Metal Detector!" video here: https://youtu.be/45JveYKafVo Watch our "Most EXPENSIVE Diamonds In The World!" video here: https://youtu.be/RcZATf3Lmb0 10.) India According to the World Gold Council, the Bank of India currently holds 557.7 tons of gold. It is one of the largest stores of gold in the world! This makes up 9.9 % of the country’s total foreign reserve. Foreign exchange reserves is money or other assets held by a nation’s central bank so they can back the national currency. India, home to 1.25 billion people, is the number one largest consumer of the precious metal. Furthermore, India is one of the most reliable drivers of global demand. For example, India’s festival and wedding season, which runs from October to December, has historically been a major market for gold. And probably, one of the most interesting facts about India and gold is that India rarely invests much in gold. This is because as a country, India operates under the belief that buying gold leads to a deficit. And their belief must be proving right as things also seem to be improving for India. For instance, if you look at the last few years, India has increased its gold reserves from 557.74 to 557.77. While this might not seem like a lot, India is also at its highest point in history! In addition to what the country holds, Indian households which are considered the world’s largest hoarders of gold, hold a record 23,000-24,000 tons, which is worth about $800 billion. 9.) Netherlands In the past few years, the Netherlands has held 52% of its foreign reserve in gold. The Netherlands has a reported 612.45 tons. In 2016 it was reported that the bank was looking for a place to store all its gold because they were going to renovate the vaults and needed to moving it. The Dutch central bank is planning to move the country’s gold reserves from the center of Amsterdam to a new complex called the Cash Center. Like most countries, Dutch gold is also held in banks around the world to reduce risk. Security measures to guard the gold 24/7 have become a problem in Amsterdam. 189,000 kilos of gold will be moved at the beginning of 2022. Maybe this is one reason that over the last decade and a half, the Netherlands was selling off tons of gold in order to reduce its reserve. However, there weren’t that many buyers out there and they sold less than the country wanted. More recently the country has had less ambition to sell gold. Currently, the country holds the same amount of tons, 612.45 that they have over the last few years. However, the country has increased its percentage of foreign reserves to 61.2 %. 8.) Japan Japan is another country which had been increasing its gold reserves since the 1960’s. Their official gold holdings were reported at 765.2 tons. About 2.4% of Japan’s gold today is in foreign reserve. Historically, Japan has always held a bit more gold than other countries. This was true until 2011, when they began to sell some of their reserve in order to pump money into the economy after the tsunami and the following Fukushima nuclear disaster. But even with selling, Japan’s central bank has been one of the most aggressive practitioners of quantitative easing. For example, in January of 2016, it lowered interest rates below zero, which has helped fuel demand in gold around the world. 7.) Switzerland Prior to 1997, Switzerland was steadily building its gold reserves. In 1997, the decision was made to sell some of those reserves to bolster the Swiss currency and diversify the foreign reserves. The percent of foreign reserves in Switzerland is currently 6.7 %. Switzerland actually has the world’s largest reserves of gold per capita and currently has reported 1,040 tons. Over time, many citizens in the country started to feel like the bank was getting rid of too much gold. They then banded together with the “Save the Swiss” movement. However, once everyone was able to vote in 2014, the vote came to a no, and gold continued to be sold. During World War II, Switzerland became the center of the gold trade in Europe, making transactions with both the Allies and Axis powers. Today, much of its gold trading is done with Hong Kong and China. Around last year, the Swiss National Bank made a $5.9 billion profit, reportedly from its gold holdings. Origins Explained is the place to be to find all the answers to your questions, from mysterious events and unsolved mysteries to everything there is to know about the world and its amazing animals!
Views: 1633425 Origins Explained
ABANDONED Haunted Horton Mine Tunnel CREEPY Sounds Captured Inside
 
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🎀 FOLLOW US ON SOCIAL MEDIA! TWITTER: 🐦OFFICIAL: http://bit.ly/ewucrew 🐦BOB'S: http://bit.ly/ewubobz 🐦EMMA'S: http://bit.ly/ewuemma INSTAGRAM: 📷OFFICIAL: http://bit.ly/ewuig 📷BOB'S: http://bit.ly/ewubobig 📷EMMA'S: http://bit.ly/ewuemmaig FACEBOOK: 📱OFFICIAL: http://bit.ly/ewucrewfb 💸 SUPPORT US ON PATREON! Monthly Patron-exclusive Q&A videos, Patron-exclusive Discord, & support the creation of MORE YOUTUBE VIDEOS! 💰 http://bit.ly/ewupatreon We pick up creepy sounds while exploring the abandoned Horton Mine in Nevada? Did we capture haunted sounds from the spirit world? Did we pick up some EVP's? I am not sure what the sounds are... You can judge for yourself. But it's definitely a very creepy mine tunnel to explore. We are not ghost adventures, and we are no paranormal investigators. We are just explorers who enjoy exploring abandoned places. We also enjoy exploring possible haunted abandoned places. Often called one of the most haunted places in the US, the Horton Mine is definitely a creepy place to explore. The entire mine looks like it could have been straight out of a horror movie. Exploring Abandoned Mines has explored this mine twice, and both times he claims to have experienced and filmed possible paranormal encounters with ghosts. Again, we are not ghost hunters or looking for paranormal activity, but we did think what we heard later was very interesting. The haunted Horton Mine is located in the state of Nevada, just outside of Austin Nevada. Let us know if you see or hear anything out of the ordinary. If there is enough interest, we may conduct a follow up visit and video. #Abandoned #Exploring #ExploreWithUs
Views: 264053 Explore With Us
GOLD RUSH - "GOLD MINING ISN'T OVER FOR US'
 
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GOLD RUSH - "GOLD MINING ISN'T OVER FOR US' Become a patron~https://www.patreon.com/GoldRushNews Follow us on facebook HERE -https://www.facebook.com/GOLD-RUSH-Ne… Gold Rush Merchandise - Gold rush items for Sale -https://www.zazzle.com/gold_rush_appare
Views: 14359 GOLD RUSH NEWS
IS GPU MINING STILL PROFITABLE? - Mining Adventure Part 1
 
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Graphics card stock has long been tapped out due to cryptocurrency miners, but does what they're doing make any sense? Let's find out. Sign up for Crunchyroll today at https://www.crunchyroll.com/linus Massdrop's AKG K7XX headphones are available now at $199.99 USD for a limited time: http://dro.ps/linusk7xx Buy Graphics Cards! Amazon: http://geni.us/bFc5H Newegg: http://geni.us/b39hZvA Discuss on the forum: https://linustechtips.com/main/topic/858834-is-gpu-mining-still-profitable-mining-adventure-part-1/ Our Affiliates, Referral Programs, and Sponsors: https://linustechtips.com/main/topic/75969-linus-tech-tips-affiliates-referral-programs-and-sponsors Linus Tech Tips merchandise at http://www.designbyhumans.com/shop/LinusTechTips/ Linus Tech Tips posters at http://crowdmade.com/linustechtips Our production gear: http://geni.us/cvOS Twitter - https://twitter.com/linustech Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/LinusTech Instagram - https://www.instagram.com/linustech Twitch - https://www.twitch.tv/linustech Intro Screen Music Credit: Title: Laszlo - Supernova Video Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PKfxmFU3lWY iTunes Download Link: https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/supernova/id936805712 Artist Link: https://soundcloud.com/laszlomusic Outro Screen Music Credit: Approaching Nirvana - Sugar High http://www.youtube.com/approachingnirvana Sound effects provided by http://www.freesfx.co.uk/sfx/
Views: 1963293 Linus Tech Tips
Afghanistan's Secret Billion Dollar Emerald Mines
 
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Hidden Gems: After suffering the Soviets, the Taliban, and the War on Terror, Afghanistan has had its share of turmoil; but can 1,000 billion dollars worth of emeralds lift Afghanistan out of poverty? Subscribe to Journeyman for daily uploads: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=journeymanpictures For similar stories see: Exposing The Inhumane Conditions Of Burkina Faso's Gold Mines https://youtu.be/c7iv1fef6qo Zimbabwe's Blood Diamond Killing Fields https://youtu.be/k9Bk5VIhjiY The Children Risking Their Lives In Underwater Gold Mines https://youtu.be/P1L_pxYZVwE "We have a lot of requests from Europe because the Emeralds from Afghanistan are the best in the world", Raphael says. He's a Frenchman who first came to Afghanistan to train Afghan security services before venturing into the emerald trade. He sees a huge chance here to exploit a market that could easily increase in value twenty or thirty-fold, but the obstacles are not inconsiderable. Just to get to the mines Raphael has to travel the 150 Kilometres from Kabul to Panjshir, right through Taliban kidnap country. When he gets there he finds an industry in the dark ages, where homemade pyrotechnics are exploded in poorly dug mineshafts, killing many miners and ruining the quality of up to 75% of the stones they dig. "If you see the damage being done to these stones... so much is lost", Yama Torabi from Integrity Watch Afghanistan tells us. The government here remains hopelessly out of touch with the industry that "still (uses) a mining law adopted 100 years ago". But as the country prepares for elections and Europeans like Raphael open up the gem trade here, could this be a beacon of hope for the future? For downloads and more information visit: http://www.journeyman.tv/?lid=67019 Wild Angle Productions - Ref. 6082 Journeyman Pictures is your independent source for the world's most powerful films, exploring the burning issues of today. We represent stories from the world's top producers, with brand new content coming in all the time. On our channel you'll find outstanding and controversial journalism covering any global subject you can imagine wanting to know about.
Views: 2031651 Journeyman Pictures
us Mining
 
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us mining on minecraft
Views: 28 Jacob Smith
The US, Mining and Dictators in the Congo
 
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Kambale Musavuli: People should demand a fundamental change in US policy towards the Congo
Views: 6273 TheRealNews
The Safest Year in Mining's History
 
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2016 was the safest year in American mining's history -- hear from leaders across the industry about how the industry's approach to safety has changed.
Views: 677 NationalMining
World's Deepest Mine - Gold Alchemy
 
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South Africa's TauTona mine, real life alchemy, and Halicephalobus Mephisto. Footage from the 2012 documentary, "Down to the Earth's Core". We have travelled into space and looked deep into the universe's depths, but the world beneath our feet remains unexplored and unseen. Now, that's about to change. For the first time in one epic unbroken shot, we embark on an impossible mission - using spectacular computer generated imagery to smash through three thousand miles of solid rock, and venture from our world into the underworld and on to the core of the Earth itself. It's a journey fraught with danger. One thousand feet down we find ourselves inside one of the planet's most volatile places - the San Andreas Fault. Caught between two huge rock slabs, we watch as stress builds and then releases. It unleashes an earthquake and blasts us on towards rivers of molten rock, explosive volcanoes, tears in the Earth's crust and giant tornadoes of liquid metal. But for every danger, there are wonders beyond imagination. Four hundred feet below the surface, a three hundred million year old fossilized forest, with every leaf and every piece of bark perfectly preserved. At one thousand feet down we enter a cave of giant crystals, glistening in deadly 122 degree heat. More than two miles underground we find buried treasure - gold and gems. Deeper still there are valuable resources - salt, oil, coal and iron. And over one hundred miles down we see the sparkling beauty of diamonds. As we descend we piece together our planet's extraordinary story. We rewind time to discover how prehistoric forests became modern-day fuel. 1700 feet down a layer of rock reveals the extraordinary story of the dinosaurs' cataclysmic death. We watch stalactites form and gold grow before our eyes. The deeper we travel into the underworld the more we understand our world above the surface. A bigger picture takes shape - a cycle of destruction and creation, driven by the core that sustains our dynamic planet and makes the Earth the only planet with life in a seemingly lifeless universe. Until, finally, three thousand miles down, we reach the core. Inside it lie the secrets of life as we know it - the magnetic force field that protects life on Earth from the sun's deadly rays, the ancient heat source that keeps our planet alive. Down to the Earth's Core brings the latest science together with breathtaking computer generated imagery. The result is an unmissable journey into an extraordinary world - full of dangers, wonders and secrets. And it's all down there, beneath our feet, right now waiting to be discovered.
Views: 629823 Naked Science
Congo, My Precious. The Curse of the coltan mines in Congo
 
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Watch more https://rtd.rt.com/tags/illegal-mining/ The Democratic Republic of Congo in Africa is one of the world’s most resource-rich countries. A wide range of rare minerals can be found here in abundance, all commanding high prices in world commodity markets. Diamonds for jewellery, tantalum, tungsten and gold for electronics; uranium used in power generation and weaponry and many others. Congo has copious deposits of raw materials that are in high demand internationally but remains one of the poorest countries in the world. From colonisation, with the horrors of slavery and other atrocities, to a turbulent and equally brutal present in which militant groups control the mines, Congo’s richness in natural resources has brought nothing but misery. Referred to as “conflict minerals”, these riches leave only a trail of death, destruction and poverty. Under Belgian rule, Congolese labourers were often required to meet quotas when mining different minerals. Failure could mean punishment by having a hand cut off with a machete. The country gained independence in 1960, but that didn’t put a stop to slave and child labour or to crimes being committed to extract and exploit the minerals. Warring militant fractions from inside the country and beyond seized control of mines for their own benefit while terrorising local populations. For our translator, Bernard Kalume Buleri, his country’s history of turmoil is very personal; like most Congolese people, he and his family fell victim to the unending mineral based power struggle. Born in the year of his country’s independence, he has lived through war and seen his homeland torn apart by violent looting and greed. His story is a damning testament, illustrating how nature’s bounty, instead of being a blessing, becomes a deadly curse. SUBSCRIBE TO RTD Channel to get documentaries firsthand! http://bit.ly/1MgFbVy FOLLOW US RTD WEBSITE: https://RTD.rt.com/ RTD ON TWITTER: http://twitter.com/RT_DOC RTD ON FACEBOOK: http://www.facebook.com/RTDocumentary RTD ON DAILYMOTION http://www.dailymotion.com/rt_doc RTD ON INSTAGRAM https://www.instagram.com/rtd_documentary_channel/ RTD LIVE https://rtd.rt.com/on-air/
Views: 759272 RT Documentary
Zinc Mining at Balmat New York 1948  US Bureau of Mines and St Joseph Lead Corporation
 
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From 1930 to 2001 the Balmat Mine produced 33.0 million tons with a grade of 8.7% zinc. The Balmat-Edwards mining district is located in St. Lawrence County, New York. Balmat ores contained an average of 1,200 ppm (0.12 percent) of mercury which is considered among the highest among zinc deposits in North America. Mercury was eliminated by volatilization from concentrates during roasting. The Balmat-Edwards deposits, a major source of concentrate to Monaca, also contained fluorine-bearing miner¬al. The ore from the Balmat mine was shipped to the Monaca smelter at Josephtown, Pennsylvania for final processing. Clips of milling and smelting and mining town from the same film are posted separately on my YouTube channel. For more information on the Balmat mine in New York and the Monaca smelter at Josephtown, Pa , read the USGA report at http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2010/1131/pdf/OF10-1131.pdf : Historical Zinc Smelting in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C., with Estimates of Atmospheric Zinc Emissions and Other Materials. This was clipped from the 1948 US Bureau of Mines film, The Story of Zinc, made with the cooperation of the St Joseph Lead Corporation. The entire film is available at the US National Archive in College Park, Maryland.
Views: 6443 markdcatlin
How Does Bitcoin Work?
 
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Thanks to Away for sponsoring this video! Go to https://www.awaytravel.com/techquickie and use promo code techquickie to get $20 off your next order! Bitcoin has surged in popularity recently. How does it work, why do people want it, and how can you get your hands on some? Techquickie Merch Store: https://www.designbyhumans.com/shop/LinusTechTips/ Techquickie Movie Poster: https://shop.crowdmade.com/collections/linustechtips/products/tech-quickie-24x36-poster Follow: http://twitter.com/linustech Leave a reply with your requests for future episodes, or tweet them here: http://twitter.com/jmart604 Join the community: http://linustechtips.com Intro Theme: Showdown by F.O.O.L from Monstercat - Best of 2016 Video Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pm36k08jQ0M&t=2422s iTunes Download Link: https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/monstercat-best-of-2016/id1185092812 Listen on Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/album/5Zt1P3ZbnfErBkiqcfBTCN
Views: 958558 Techquickie
The price of gold: Chinese mining in Ghana documentary | Guardian Investigations
 
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Ghana has had a gold rush but here, Afua Hirsch discovers how Chinese immigrants are profiting from industrialising the country's small-scale mining industry. She sees for herself that, for the many locals who chance losing life and limb for a piece of the same pie, the risks are rarely worth it, and explores where the responsibility for regulating this industry lies. The price of gold: Chinese mining in Ghana documentary Subscribe to the Guardian HERE: http://bitly.com/UvkFpD Afua Hirsch reports on Ghana's gold rush in a film that discovers how Chinese immigrants are profiting from industrialising the country's small-scale mining industry. She sees for herself that, for the many locals who chance losing life and limb for a piece of the same pie, the risks are rarely worth it, and explores where the responsibility for regulating this industry lies.
Views: 2443089 The Guardian
Which US State is Best for Bitcoin Mining?
 
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THE NEW TWITTER: STOCK POLLS, NEWS, ETC. https://twitter.com/TechCrackHouse_ Pledge $1 and BECOME A TECHCRACKHOUSE DWELLER TODAY! https://www.patreon.com/techcrackhouse Buy, sell, what should be done? Keep it tuned right here on the Techcrackhouse for news, tips, and the best ways to invest. Please subscribe and like, it helps a lot. I upload more regularly than Hillary checks her email. BECOME A CRACKHOUSE DWELLER TODAY! Robinhood Download Links: IOS: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/robinhood-free-stock-trading/id938003185?mt=8 Android: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.robinhood.android&hl=en Robinhood Main-page: https://www.robinhood.com/ Acorns Download Links: IOS: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/acorns-invest-spare-change/id883324671?mt=8 Android: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.acorns.android&hl=en&gl=us Acorns Main-page: https://www.acorns.com/ I AM IN NO WAY A MARKET PROFESSIONAL; USE YOUR OWN JUDGEMENT WHEN PURCHASING STOCKS AND OTHERWISE. I AM NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR AND GAINS OR LOSSES THAT YOU MAY EXPERIENCE. THE MARKET IS INHERENTLY RISKY, AND YOU SHOULD ONLY INVEST WHAT YOU ARE COMPLETELY WILLING TO LOSE.
Exposing The Inhumane Conditions Of Burkina Faso's Gold Mines
 
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Gold Dust: Under Blaise Compaore's leadership, Burkina Faso's unregulated gold rush has had a devastating effect on mining conditions. This report digs deep into the industry, exposing the corruption beneath Compaore's ruling. Millions of people - including children as young as fourteen - mine in an unregulated industry for a few golden grams of hope. Marcel toils underground to support his family - but without the glittering rewards promised. “We all have hope, we hope to earn” he says, but "they rob us here...They treat the miner like an animal." 17-year old Soumaele has been mining for two years. His thin body can go to even deeper than the older men, to places where the air is impossible to breathe and the tunnels are likely to collapse. Gold promises a great deal, but in an anarchic industry, teacher Soungalo Hema fears for the future of children like Soumaele: "You try and save them", she says, "but a lot of the time it’s in vain. I ask myself 'what will happen to all of us?'" For similar stories, see: The Children Working On Indian Coal Mines https://youtu.be/0ZA5Az09Zj4 Dangerous 'Rat-Hole' Mining Destroying India's Environment https://youtu.be/jEcA6jnaRek In Nicaragua Children Work in Quarries Instead of Going to School https://youtu.be/y35aStP7BHw Subscribe to journeyman for daily uploads: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=journeymanpictures For downloads and more information visit: https://www.journeyman.tv/film/6750/gold-dust Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/journeymanpictures Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/JourneymanNews Follow us on Instagram: https://instagram.com/journeymanpictures Wild Angle Productions – Ref. 6750 Journeyman Pictures is your independent source for the world's most powerful films, exploring the burning issues of today. We represent stories from the world's top producers, with brand new content coming in all the time. On our channel you'll find outstanding and controversial journalism covering any global subject you can imagine wanting to know about.
Views: 699815 Journeyman Pictures
US, UK Government Websites Infected with Crypto-Mining Malware
 
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Thousands of websites, including ones run by U.S. and UK government agencies, were infected for several hours on Sunday with code that causes web browsers to secretly mine digital currencies, technology news site The Register reported. Learn More: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-bitcoin-cyber/u-s-uk-government-websites-infected-with-crypto-mining-malware-report-idUSKBN1FV0VO?feedType=RSS&feedName=topNews&utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=Social Your Support of Independent Media Is Appreciated: Bitcoin Address- 1KbDZijL3jVJGyea3zhanUwPbnCE9op2mk Lite Coin - LMpmVuR5vHVYdrgMsauPskGQS5v9YCpuxm Ether- 0xDE3eB573a9501971bEBEB5e05Ae6de048F6239Af https://www.paypal.me/dahboo7 Earn Free Coins Daily, No Strings Attached! https://qoinpro.com/8620aa802b989cb4fbd962c0aecf284c Get Free Bitcoin Cash Every 24 Hours! http://blocksize.party/ https://www.coinbase.com/join/593ea983d4cb5505fe9e603c Official Gear- https://teespring.com/stores/dahboo7 www.undergroundworldnews.com https://www.minds.com/DAHBOO7 My Other Youtube Channel- https://www.youtube.com/Dahboo777 https://twitter.com/dahboo7 https://vid.me/DAHBOO7 https://www.facebook.com/TheUndergroundWorldNews https://www.instagram.com/dahboo7/
Views: 8915 DAHBOO777
What Coal Mining Hydrogeology tells us about the Real Risks of Fracking_London Lecture_May 2016
 
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Development of shale gas by hydraulic fracturing (‘fracking’) is opposed by campaigners who hypothesise (amongst other things) that potable ground water supplies could be polluted by upward migration of fractures and any fluids they contain. There are very strong reasons for doubting this hypothesis, not least because migration of fractures to prolific aquifers would be highly unlikely to lead to pollution, but almost certain to result in drowning of the shale gas wells, rendering them unusable. Hence, despite having contrasting motivations, shale gas developers and environmental guardians turn out to have a strong common interest in avoiding inter-connection to aquifers. There is in fact a century-long analogue for such a ‘confluence’ of interests, provided by the history of longwall coal mining beneath the sea and major aquifers. Where large-scale mining proceeded from the surface downwards, major hydraulic inter-connection of shallow and deep zones did indeed result in widespread water pollution. However, where new mines were developed at depth without any connections to shallow old workings), complete hydraulic isolation from the near-surface hydrogeological environment was successfully maintained. This was despite the fact that longwall mining produced far greater stratal disruption than shale gas fracking ever could. A detailed example is presented from the successful operation of the Selby Coalfield beneath one of the UK’s main aquifers. This profound and sustained historical analogue provides a very clear lesson: given the lack of hydrogeological connectivity to shallow aquifers, shale gas fracking per se cannot contaminate shallow ground water. Provided operators observe long-established laws governing hydrocarbon wells and associated surface operations, other hydrogeological risks will also be minimal. Opponents of shale gas developments should therefore focus attention on more realistic potential impacts, most of which are familiar from almost any planning application, such as increased truck traffic on minor roads. Speaker Biography Paul Younger (University of Glasgow) Paul L Younger FREng holds the Rankine Chair of Engineering and is Professor of Energy Engineering at the University of Glasgow. He was formerly Pro-Vice-Chancellor for Engagement at Newcastle University, where he also established and led the Sir Joseph Swan Institute for Energy Research and, subsequently, the Newcastle Institute for Research on Sustainability. A geologist by first degree, Paul trained in hydrogeology in the USA as a Harkness Fellow in the mid-1980s, subsequently developing a career in environmental engineering. He is perhaps best known for his research and outreach on the environmental management of water in active and abandoned mines worldwide, which won the Queen’s Anniversary Prize for Higher Education for Newcastle University in 2005. He is a Fellow of the Geological Society and a Chartered Geologist, as well as a Chartered Engineer. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering in 2007 and has received honorary doctorates for his mine water pollution work from leading universities in Spain and South America. His current research focuses on deep geothermal. In parallel with his mainstream academic work, Paul has founded and directed four companies in the water and energy sectors and has authored more than 400 items in the international literature, including the well-received books “Mine Water: Hydrology, pollution, remediation” (Kluwer, 2002), “Groundwater in the Environment: An Introduction” (Blackwell, 2007), “Water: all that matters” (Hodder, 2012) and “Energy: all that matters” (Hodder, 2014). His knowledge of shale gas was gained through serving on the Joint Royal Academies’ Expert Panel, which reported to the UK government in 2012, and on the Independent Expert Panel on Unconventional Gas, which reported to the Scottish Government in June 2014. When not otherwise engaged, Paul’s preferred activities include exploring the Scottish Highlands and Islands, singing and playing traditional music, and indulging his love of the Spanish and Gaelic languages and cultures. Website: www.geolsoc.org.uk Twitter: www.twitter.com/geolsoc
Views: 3648 GeologicalSociety
Bitcoin Mining Boom in Wenatchee, Washington U.S. - Who needs China? How I Mine Bitcoin
 
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Mine Bitcoin and other Cryptocurrencies Daily with HashFlare! Free to sign up! - https://hashflare.io/r/373CC8F3 - Wenatchee, Washington is home to a dozen of the largest bitcoin and cryptocurrency miners in the country. This is because the electricity is so cheap, The average electricity price per kilowatt in the state is 4 cents. The national average is 7 cents. The electricity is cheap in Wenatchee because of the Columbia River which is part of a Dam system which generates cheap and abundant hydroelectric power. One of the 12 Bitcoin mining companies is Salcido Group which is currently mining 5-7 Bitcoins per day and is looking to mine 50 Bitcoins per day by July. China is moving to wipe out its bitcoin mining industry following concerns of excessive electricity consumption and financial risk. http://www.ThinkingCrypto.com Sign up with Coinbase for Free to start investing in Bitcoin and get $10 free Bitcoin when you spend $100! - https://www.coinbase.com/join/59db057bed984302ff3b1275 Easily purchase Altcoins such as Ripple XRP, Tron and more on the Binance exchange - https://www.binance.com/?ref=21575512 Get the Ledger Nano S to Safely store your Cryptocurrency! : -Buy directly from Ledger - https://www.ledgerwallet.com/r/acd6 -Buy on Amazon - http://amzn.to/2zYgdAv Mine Bitcoin and other Cryptocurrencies Daily with HashFlare! Free to sign up! - https://hashflare.io/r/373CC8F3 Mine Bitcoin and other Cryptocurrencies with Genesis Mining. Use code "he76Rc" and get 3% off every purchase - https://www.genesis-mining.com/a/2126471 Help support the channel! Donations : BTC - 3GPcKwB3UGML4UiYqZM6BYx7Nu5Dj7GKDD ETH - 0x7929e49cabe8d95d31392eaf974f378b508da2f4 LTC - MWMhsyGX7tsTPGS2EtSCAWpy3ywCv25r6B XRP - rDsbeomae4FXwgQTJp9Rs64Qg9vDiTCdBv Destination Tag - 35594196 Follow on Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/thinkingcrypto/ Follow on Twitter - https://twitter.com/ThinkingCrypto1 Disclaimer - Thinking Crypto and Tony Edward are not financial or investment experts. You should do your own research on each cryptocurrency and make your own conclusions and decisions for investment. Invest at your own risk, only invest what you are willing to lose. This channel and its videos are just for educational purposes and NOT investment or financial advice.
Views: 2144 Thinking Crypto
Moon Mining Fleet, Join Us! - Giveaways - EVE Online Live
 
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Want an entry on the Live Show Giveaway while the show is live? Get your entry here. https://store.markeedragon.com/index.php?cat=18 We will draw near the end of the live show and the winner will be notified by email. If you are viewing the giveaways while the show is offline only monthly giveaways will appear. http://store.markeedragon.com/affiliate.php?id=4&redirect=index.php?cat=4 Special Viewer Discount or Bonus. YOUR CHOICE! Want a bonus on your EVE new account or Plex? Use the discount code of "discount" and get 3% off your order. Or want 3.3% cash back for even more savings? Use bonus code "bonus" and get 3.3% credit in your account for future purchases This is for a limited time and the discount/bonus codes may be changed or removed at any time. The discount / bonus is provided by Markee Dragon Game Codes and we are an authorized CCP reseller. Codes delivered in 20 minutes or less. Twitter: http://twitter.com/markeedragon What's my computer build? Want to know what other stuff I use? Find it here: https://www.amazon.com/shop/markeedragon Want to Try EVE for free? Get it here: http://secure.eveonline.com/signup/?invc=d6baec26-231d-4ced-9cd2-1a8b3713d72d&action=buddy [!nojob] Want to get rid of your day job and be your own boss? Markee Dragon is sharing how he does it with a step by step guide to independence. Get it here: http://jedimarketingtricks.com/ultimate/ Join me and your favorite streamers! Put my 10+ years of experience to work for YOU. Learn how to start generating income while playing your favorite games! I include everything you need to know to get started PLUS plenty of support for when you get stuck! Join us for chat in Discord https://discord.gg/markeedragon Discord is what we use for in game chat and voice comms. This is a simulcast of http://twitch.tv/markeedragon . You can watch here live on YouTube and talk in chat. but for the giveaways mentioned on the show those currently only work in Twitch chat. You do not have to watch on Twitch. You only need to be in the Twitch chat to get in on the giveaways. WTFast is what I use to improve my connection to EVE. I get at least a 20% improvement at all times. Try it here: http://www.wtfast.com/markeedragon Videos How to convert Loyalty Points This video shows how we decided what items to use. Items Sold. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rnv4eW9hwP0 What worked Successful conversion of 1m LP to 1.5b ISK in 13 days. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eiGEj4XhKt0 Hauling Introduction https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7NjY9aU-uBQ Hauling is a great secondary income. Market Blue Line Hauling is a great secondary income. EVE Sites Mentioned on the Show EVE Guides and Ship Fits: http://news.markeedragon.com/category/game-guides-how-to/eve-online-guides/ Moose Army Corp - My Null Corp I am a member of. http://moose.army Airhogs - The best all around corp and great for new players. I am also a member http://docs.google.com/document/d/1cCPjgTfOxMN7JpagSs5iUCyES2OalT5j6O4zaP5qVNw/edit?usp=sharing LP Store Conversion See what LP items are currently worth on the market. https://www.fuzzwork.co.uk/lpstore/ Daopa's LP Stores Database LP store items information http://www.ellatha.com/eve/LP-Stores EVE Assets Manager Find your stuff. Know where your money is sitting! http://eve.nikr.net/jeveasset EVE Markets Market history data. http://eve-markets.net/ EVEPraisal Quick values for your loot and other market actions. http://evepraisal.com/ EVE Maps All kinds of map related information. http://evemaps.dotlan.net/ Deepsafe https://deepsafe.xyz Excellent crowed sourced information on cosmic signatures. All explorers should use this. EVE University EVE Wiki http://wiki.eveuniversity.org/Main_Page Live shows Schedule: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1zQZoKQnzGRgWXBefzGKlyfDppGQWzJy6PafWm-4c4sQ/pubhtml Music by Monstercat http://www.monstercat.com
Is Bolivia's Lithium-mining Industry Expanding Beyond Its Control?
 
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The Electric Range (2010): Can Bolivia capitalise on its huge lithium reserves to power the nation's economy? For similar stories, see: Denmark's Green Revolution https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kannpFj0_IM Has Iran's Nuclear Programme Been Unfairly Singled Out? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LnSt6fYU_gM The Multi-Millionaire on a Quest to Find the Truth About Global Warming https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5AmnNIpdcPE Subscribe to journeyman for daily uploads: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=journeymanpictures For downloads and more information visit: https://www.journeyman.tv/film/4894/the-electric-range Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/journeymanpictures Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/JourneymanVOD https://twitter.com/JourneymanNews Follow us on Instagram: https://instagram.com/journeymanpictures We take a fossil-fuelled adventure from Bolivia's capital La Paz to the alien landscape of Salar. Will Lithium really bring this desperate Country prosperity or will it prove just a lost opportunity? Salar de Uyuni is the largest salt lake in the world and contains the most lithium on earth. Lithium is used to treat mental illness, build nuclear bombs and power laptops. It is an important ingredient enabling batteries to store and expel power. "They want us to speed up the handover of lithium and to move faster towards capitalist partnerships", explains Jose Pimentel, Bolivian Mines Minister, "But the government's policy has been determined; we're going to take our own decisive steps towards the process of industrialising lithium". Bolivia is stuck in an industrial time warp and wants to control the process closely. The question is will the world wait? ABC Australia – Ref. 4894 Journeyman Pictures is your independent source for the world's most powerful films, exploring the burning issues of today. We represent stories from the world's top producers, with brand new content coming in all the time. On our channel you'll find outstanding and controversial journalism covering any global subject you can imagine wanting to know about.
Views: 170902 Journeyman Pictures
Russia Joins Global Trade War - Imposes Tariffs On US Energy, Mining Imports
 
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Whether this is a coordinated response is unclear - and certainly on a much smaller scale - but Bloomberg reports that Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev signed a decree this morning imposing higher tariffs on U.S. products in retaliation for U.S. duties on metals imports, according to Economy Ministry statement. Learn More: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-russia-economy-duties/russia-raises-duties-on-u-s-goods-in-response-to-trade-restrictions-idUSKBN1JW1SE?il=0 Your Support of Independent Media Is Appreciated: https://www.paypal.me/dahboo7 Bitcoin- 1Nmcbook8TwAdtZHsMdVxRtjBnyrSArDH5 Bitcoin Cash- qzjvcvkfhzffcgc89mcnvuka0lljjuu4dvalrafmj0 https://teespring.com/stores/dahboo7 www.undergroundworldnews.com https://www.minds.com/DAHBOO7 My Other Youtube Channel- THE UNDERGROUND WORLD NEWS https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCnLrtqd5qxC_f1lOnrybpnA DAHBOO777 https://www.youtube.com/Dahboo777 https://twitter.com/dahboo7 https://www.bitchute.com/profile/ZIGZbqlqH9wB/ https://www.instagram.com/dahboo7/
Views: 13354 DAHBOO77
Historic Coal Mining Scenes
 
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Description: Coal mining has a rich and diverse history in communities across the United States. These images, gathered from OSMRE’s archives, show a glimpse at the process and production of coal during the early industrialization phase of resource extraction.
Views: 122 OSMRE
Buca Della Vena Mine – Part 2: Discovered Underground Mine Train!
 
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Sure, we’ve come across ore carts and trammers before while exploring at abandoned mines. However, finding an intact underground mine train parked with the ore carts still hooked up to the trammer (what miners call the electric locomotive) is something that I have never seen before or since. I’ll give away some of the secrets of the upcoming videos by saying that there is a second part to this train just a short distance farther down the track. I wonder if the operator of the trammer/locomotive felt a twinge of sadness when it was parked underground for the last time? I mentioned in the description and comments of the last video that I would talk more about the history and geology of the abandoned mine in this description. The below is a translation from Italian to English and the translation is not perfect. However, it conveys the relevant information. So, quoting directly, here you go.. “The Buca della Vena Mine (formerly Stazzema Mine) was part of the 15th-16th century Vene Ferralis, although it is believed that works were held there already during the Medicean period. Work restarted between 1850 and 1860, and in 1938 the Pignone of Florence company began excavating. Since 1957, the SIMA company (subsidiary of EDEM) continued to work regularly in the tunnel searching mixed mineral barite-pyrite until 1990. The field is described as a mineral body almost unique with barite, pyrite and iron oxides of good quality. It is oriented NNE/SSW, in the contact zone between shale Unit Fornovolasco, white dolomite and grezzoni. Considerable scientific interest was aroused by the discovery of rare or unique in the world mineralogical species. Minerals mainly extracted are: - barite used for chemicals, pharmaceuticals, petroleum industry and as nuclear power plants insulation - pyrite for chemicals and iron and steel - iron oxides for steel products” Although the mine being explored in this video apparently dates back to the Medicean period, I passed ancient workings while pushing up the canyon walls that date back to the Romans and even the Etruscans. In other words, the iron ore deposits here have not exactly been a secret for thousands of years. The section of the Buca della Vena Mine featured in this video hosted very dark rock and huge open chambers. So, even with multiple lights, it was a struggle to fully illuminate it. While there are certainly some even more impressive pillars and massive chambers to come, the rock is lighter and so that should not be much of an issue going forward. ***** All of these videos are uploaded in HD, so adjust those settings to ramp up the quality! It really does make a difference. You can see the gear that I use for mine exploring here: https://bit.ly/2wqcBDD You can click here for my full playlist of abandoned mines: https://goo.gl/TEKq9L Thanks for watching! ***** Growing up in California’s “Gold Rush Country” made it easy to take all of the history around us for granted. However, abandoned mine sites have a lot working against them – nature, vandals, scrappers and various government agencies… The old prospectors and miners that used to roam our lonely mountains and toil away deep underground are disappearing quickly as well. These losses finally caught our attention and we felt compelled to make an effort to document as many of the ghost towns and abandoned mines that we could before that colorful niche of our history is gone forever. But, you know what? We enjoy doing it! This is exploring history firsthand – bushwhacking down steep canyons and over rough mountains, figuring out the techniques the miners used and the equipment they worked with, seeing the innovations they came up with, discovering lost mines that no one has been in for a century, wandering through ghost towns where the only sound is the wind... These journeys allow a feeling of connection to a time when the world was a very different place. And I’d love to think that in some small way we are paying tribute to those hardy miners that worked these mines before we were even born. So, yes, in short, we are adit addicts… I hope you’ll join us on these adventures! #ExploringAbandonedMines #MineExploring #AbandonedMines #UndergroundMineExploring
Views: 7920 TVR Exploring
Today's American Policies of Genocide: Uranium Mining on Indigenous land.
 
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We hear a lot about toxic water in Flint, Michigan which has has been happening in Native communities as well. No clean drinking water [environmental racism] for the Lakota people? A perfect example of American policies of genocide of the Indigenous people of the US today. Watch FULL DOC: youtube.com/watch?v=JusBAxa40Bc Follow us @ https://www.facebook.com/iloveancestry https://twitter.com/LovingAncestry http://iloveancestry.tumblr.com http://pinterest.com/iloveancestry http://www.instagram.com/iloveancestry https://www.google.com/+iloveancestry REALITY CHECK! There is more than 3000 abandoned open pit uranium mines on the land of the Great Sioux Nation for 40 years. Winona LaDuke wrote an article in 1992 mentioning that President Nixon declared a National Sacrifice Area to Radiation for the treaty territory of the Great Sioux Nation and the Navajo. A Perfect Example of Today's American Policies of Genocide! Short video clip from Red Cry documentary film: Red Cry is an original, feature-length documentary film chronicling the lives of Lakota Elders and Oyate in the face of ongoing genocide against the Lakota by government and corporate interests. I Love Ancestry exists to empower people to seek knowledge of ancestral heritage, preserve historical truth, and unite like-minded people. At I Love Ancestry, we envision a world where people embrace their own and each other's roots, celebrate diversity, and advocate for indigenous cultures. Our Website: http://iloveancestry.com
Views: 1163 I Love Ancestry
the US silver to gold mining ratio is 4 to 1, patients
 
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Recorded on my Android phone. - Captured Live on Ustream at http://www.ustream.tv/channel/bankrunner with the Ustream Mobile App
Creepy Sounds Captured in an Abandoned Mine While Reviewing the ThruNite TN12 Flashlight
 
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Disturbing, strange sounds. That's exactly what I caught on video while filming and documenting the abandoned Waldeck Mine using the ThruNite TN12 flashlight. The Waldeck Mine is an abandoned gold mine located deep in a forested canyon in the high country. I went there on a stormy night in order to document the mine while reviewing and demonstrating ThruNite's excellent TN12 handheld flashlight. The abandoned mine itself is over 150 years old and still has a lot of awesome yet dangerous timbering in its furthest reaches. There are upper levels in the Waldeck Mine, but I only explored and documented the main haulage tunnel. As mentioned in the video, the ThruNite TN12 flashlight I used exclusively for this demo and review has five light levels. Here are the lumens each light level puts out: FIREFLY MODE: 0.4 lumens LOW MODE: 18 lumens MEDIUM MODE: 175 lumens HIGH MODE: 435 lumens TURBO MODE: 1100 lumens The flashlight runs off of a 3400 mAh 18650 battery. ****SPECIAL COUPON CODE**** If you place an order on ThruNite's direct website only (http://www.thrunite.com/thrunite-tn12-2016-xp-l-v6-max-1100-lumen-flashlight/) between now and December 23rd, 2016, use this coupon code at checkout to receive 20% off your order. Coupon Code is: Xmas ThruNite's main website link: http://www.thrunite.com Amazon US link: http://www.amazon.com/thrunite Amazon Canada link: http://amazon.ca/shops/A1BNV2EQ2FFXQR
The Metso 4265 Gyratory Crusher
 
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A crusher is a machine designed to reduce large rocks into smaller rocks, gravel, or rock dust. There are five types of crushers; Jaw crusher, Gyratory crusher, Cone crusher, Impact crusher and Mineral sizers. A gyratory crusher is consisting of a concave surface and a conical head; both surfaces are typically lined with manganese steel surfaces. The inner cone has a slight circular movement, but does not rotate; the movement is generated by an eccentric arrangement. Material travels downward between the two surfaces being progressively crushed until it is small enough to fall out through the gap between the two surfaces. A gyratory crusher is one of the main types of primary crushers in a mine or ore processing plant. Gyratory crushers are designated in size either by the gape and mantle diameter or by the size of the receiving opening. Gyratory crushers can be used for primary or secondary crushing. The crushing action is caused by the closing of the gap between the mantle line (movable) mounted on the central vertical spindle and the concave liners (fixed) mounted on the main frame of the crusher. The gap is opened and closed by an eccentric on the bottom of the spindle that causes the central vertical spindle to gyrate. The vertical spindle is free to rotate around its own axis. The crusher illustrated is a short-shaft suspended spindle type, meaning that the main shaft is suspended at the top and that the eccentric is mounted above the gear. The short-shaft design has superseded the long-shaft design in which the eccentric is mounted below the gear.
Views: 5187800 Largest Dams
U.S. Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement - OSMRE
 
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Since its creation under the federal Surface Coal Mining and Reclamation Act of 1977 (August 3), the agency has been known as Office of Surface Mining or just OSM. It has a very storied history - http://groups.google.com/group/bob-mooney/web/osmre-timeline Joe Pizarchark has been the OSM Director since November 6, 2009, having now outlasted many of its 17 previous directors -- and being only the 10th director to actually be confirmed by the U.S. Senate. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fSxyjLcXpjU Director Pizarchik has undertaken a Stream Saver Protection initative that will require years to promulgate and more years to fight legal battles to achieve implementation which will also take many years to get amended into the state regulatory programs, (In 2010, some changes made after 1983 have yet to be amended into the state programs.) http://www.osmre.gov/topic/StreamProtection/StreamProtectionOverview.shtm Efforts to conduct oversight more effectively on state, tribal and fedeal regulatory programs began in June 2009 and proposed improvements are pending. http://www.osmre.gov/topic/Oversight/SCM/SCM.shtm OSM now focuses on awards to reclamation awards to coal companies and to State Abandonend Mine Land Programs - http://www.osmre.gov/topic/awards/Awards.shtm - more so than on providing required annual reports to Congress - http://www.osmre.gov/Reports/AnnualReport/AnnualReport.shtm - and doing timely evaluation reports on state and federal regulatory programs - http://www.osmre.gov/Reports/EvalInfo/EvalInfo.shtm OSM has recently undertaken efforts to identify unresolved issues, like the Ohio State regulatory program that remains only conditionally approved since August 1982 and continual sillage of coal waste slurry like this - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r8rdo6LNtmE OSM has not had a staff directory for years. Recently its three regions created staff lists - http://www.arcc.osmre.gov/ http://www.mcrcc.osmre.gov/ http://www.wrcc.osmre.gov/ An agency-wide staff directory is now under development.. Currently, There are about 500 OSM employees compared to nearly 1200 in 1980. More than half of its current employees are each paid more than $100,000 a year and over $200,000 in total compensation when health and other fringe benefits are included. http://groups.google.com/group/bob-mooney/web/osmre-staffing-levels === The Initial 28 OSM inspectors, started on April 9, 1978 http://groups.google.com/group/bob-mooney/web/osmre-pioneers http://groups.google.com/group/bob-mooney/web/osm-people Federal Strip Mine Law, first year - The New York Times, June 12,1978 http://groups.google.com/group/bob-mooney/web/osm-first-year Photo: First OSM director with his deputy and assistant directors, 1980 Ray Lowrie, Pat Boggs, Carl Close, Dave Short, Director Walter Heine, Tony Head, Ed Imhoff, Don Crane, Paul Reeves, Dick Hall and Chuck Beasley http://tinyurl.com/OSM-founders-1980 OSM Directory, June 1978 (139 employees; 6 are still there) http://groups.google.com/group/bob-mooney/web/1978-osm-directory http://groups.google.com/group/bob-mooney/web/osm-inspectors-past-and-present Walter Heine's reflections, 1997 http://groups.google.com/group/bob-mooney/web/walter-heines-reflections-1997
Views: 561 rhmooney3
ABANDONED gigantic GHOST TOWN in the California Desert (bloody hospital found)
 
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SHARE the love! And SUBSCRIBE for more. What's the scariest thing you've ever done? Let us know in the comment section below. We stayed overnight in a ghost town and it was absolutely terrifying. Not a lot more to say here. Enjoy! Yes Theory are four friends from four different countries who constantly seek discomfort in order to grow. Ammar, Thomas, Matt and Derin met in Montreal, Canada in the summer of 2015 and bonded over their shared desire to live a life that challenged and excited them. Fast forward to a year later, the team is now based out of Los Angeles, making a show on Snapchat Discover every Sunday on the Brother Channel. Drone footage from Skye Cam. Snapchat handle: yestheory https://www.facebook.com/yestheory/ https://www.instagram.com/yestheory/ https://twitter.com/yestheory All music from Epidemic Sound: https://goo.gl/kOJz12 Use the link to sign up for a free trial. Hopefully this helps answer some of your questions on where to find music for your videos! Hosts: Matt Dajer, Thomas Brag, Ammar Kandil Filmed by Derin Emre Editor: Thomas Dajer, Thomas Brag
Views: 3232898 Yes Theory
Zimbabwe's Blood Diamond Killing Fields
 
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Deadly Diamonds (2009): Could Zimbabwe be suspended from the global diamond trade in the aftermath of the massacre at the Marange diamonds fields? For similar stories, see: Zimbabwe's Gold Standard of Poverty https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G4azCZUDCQI Mugabe Loyalists Are Using Violence To Quash MDC Supporters https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A3M-TMRrJU4 Inside the Abhorrent Conditions of Zimbabwe's Prison System https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mX9YDUtg8No Subscribe to journeyman for daily uploads: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=journeymanpictures For downloads and more information visit: http://www.journeyman.tv/film/4578 Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/journeymanpictures Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/JourneymanVOD https://twitter.com/JourneymanNews Follow us on Instagram: https://instagram.com/journeymanpictures Did Robert Mugabe’s security forces seize control of a lucrative diamond field by gunning down hundreds of miners? With shocking evidence now uncovered, Zimbabwe’'s diamond trade faces suspension. "We were told ‘here are the guns, sitting in the truck, do you want to stay?’" says Andrew Cranswick, CEO of the mining company who owns the rights to mine diamonds in Marange. After his company was evicted, the Marange fields were opened up to the people and tens of thousands of Zimbabweans came to dig, paying the police a commission. Yet the police didn'’t always play fair - "$15 million worth of diamonds were confiscated", says one former miner – and soon the police were replaced by Mugabe’s own military. "Mugabe needed a way to buy the loyalty of the army" says Ken Roth, "the military were ordered to kill". In the first week of November, helicopter gunships launched a massacre on the Marange diamond fields. Evidence has been collected of 200 deaths. Those who weren’'t killed were raped or crippled. "They told us if we wanted to go home we had to sleep with the men", says one woman, "the soldiers watched and laughed". Next month, the Kimberley process, the international body charged with stopping trade in conflict diamonds, will decide whether Zimbabwe should be suspended. Yet with many Western governments involved in Zimbabwe'’s diamond trade, a former delegate of the Kimberley process believes this deadly business may yet be protected. Production Company – Ref. 4578 Journeyman Pictures is your independent source for the world's most powerful films, exploring the burning issues of today. We represent stories from the world's top producers, with brand new content coming in all the time. On our channel you'll find outstanding and controversial journalism covering any global subject you can imagine wanting to know about.
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