Search results “Bronze age mining techniques”
Ancient Mining Techniques[History Documentary]HD
Ancient mining techniques go well back into our history – well back into ourprehistory, in fact. As we progressed through the Stone Age, with more and more sophisticated tools and weapons being designed and developed, so too,our need for more and better raw materials for these implements. Stone and flint led to copper, then bronze, gold, silver, iron… all in the name of progress, war, technology, vanity or greed. In fact, it’s ironic (pun intended) that the substance prized and even mined by our ancient ancestors for some of the earliest stone tools and weapons – flint – was later a hindrance encountered by Classical miners – who were in many cases also Classical minors – in gold mining galleries described by Pliny the Elder in the 1st century AD as “thought to be the hardest thing that exists, except greed for gold, which is the most stubborn of all things. Ancient Chinese Explorers:https://youtu.be/RcRFaDTxYic Inside China`s Great Pyramids:https://youtu.be/0i6ywQW8Btc The Military of Ancient China:https://youtu.be/63aE4iceuj0 Japan:Memoirs of a Secret Empire:https://youtu.be/iGuhu5lbDlk Ancient Egyptian Weapons:https://youtu.be/LwCeHhSKkHU Secrets of Göbekli Tepe:https://youtu.be/ypuf_QnzCk0 The Lost Mayan Cvilization:https://youtu.be/_2Ork2m0SAk Mysteries of Easter Island:https://youtu.be/lM_Te7ZPMTY
Views: 275319 Documentary Channel
Making copper the ancient way
This summer we made several experiments reducing malachite (copper carbonate) to genuine copper with blowpipes in open fire pits. Now we know that it is possible to make metallic copper only using lung power and Copper Age equipment. This video was meant as documentation of an archaeological experiment. Thanks to all visitors who added relevant comments by now! But: As more and more stupids felt called to misuse the comment function as a trash dump of their verbal diarrhea, today I decided to switch it of, sorry, folks! My life´s too short for this.
Views: 395580 ulfr23
Prehistoric copper smelting in a pit!
How to turn copper ore into copper using Bronze Age techniques. For more information on our reconstruction of the earliest known copper smelting site in the UK (Pentrwyn, Great Orme) please visit: http://www.ancient-arts.org/pentrwyn%20exp%20report.pdf
Views: 445531 ancient1580
Primitive Technology: building a Metal Furnace Copper (Cu)
Hi. Building a Metal Furnace Copper (Cu) is our next video. In this video we have successfully separated copper from ore by furnace, we have improved the air injection system for the furnace. We were looking for copper ore in the stream. Copper Copper (CU) a great turning point in history. It changed the primordial to a new evolution of humanity. The bronze age is quite long and very developed, as a precondition for the iron age (Fe). The melting point of the copper metal is quite fast at 1000 degrees. We will continue to create many weak Copper metal pure enough to melt, creating copper metal tools. Then we will advance to the Iron Age (Fe). We will continue to make the next video on primitive technology and wild survival skills. Subscribe to the channel to keep track of the latest videos. Thank you. Channel: https://goo.gl/rLur6h
Views: 3337289 Survival Skills Primitive
Primitive Technology: Furnace and casting copper axe  beautiful (ax, chisel)
Hi. Furnace and casting the beautiful copper ax is our next video. Copper Tool (CU). In this video we make a copper ax (Cu) + a sharp chisel. They are an essential tool for us to move forward in the future. We take a lot of time, effort to collect enough copper (Cu) + Coal = create the ax + chisel. The period of copper metal is very developed, we will continue to collect many needles. pure copper. In the future will create many tools + weapons and production tools Thank you for watching our video do not forget to like + comment + share channel: https://goo.gl/frBBjj
Views: 5859235 Survival Skills Primitive
Making History - Medieval Mining
Since the Bronze age the strength and security of a civilization depended on their access to various metals such as gold, silver, copper, tin, and Iron. Finding and extracting these metals proved to be extremely difficult
Views: 15057 AllHistories
"Liquid Fire" to Metal Sword in minutes! - A History of Ancient Britain - Ep4 - Preview - BBC Two
SUBSCRIBE to the OFFICIAL BBC YouTube channel 👉 https://bit.ly/2IXqEIn LAUNCH BBC iPlayer to watch full BBC programmes online now 👉 https://bbc.in/2J18jYJ More on this programme: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00z597g Neil Oliver experiments with traditional methods of making a Bronze Age sword just like in ancient times. #bbc
Views: 6931641 BBC
How to make iron in the old way
During the Viking market at Foteviken Museum in Sweden in 2011, one Danish and two Polish Blacksmiths made ​​iron in the same old way that the Vikings did it one thousand years ago.
Views: 301483 Sven Rosborn
How Copper is Mined and Refined: A Story Of Copper 1951 US Bureau of Mines
Please considering supporting the channel through my patreon link to help continue the consistent uploads. https://www.patreon.com/oldmoviesreborn Thanks. "Tells the story of the mining and manufacture of copper from the crude ore to the finished product. lots of footage of giant machines, some blasting." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copper_extraction_techniques Copper extraction techniques refers to the methods for obtaining copper from its ores. The conversion of copper consists of a series of chemical, physical, and electrochemical processes. Methods have evolved and vary with country depending on the ore source, local environmental regulations, and other factors. As in all mining operations, the ore must usually be beneficiated (concentrated). To do this, the ore is crushed. Then it must be roasted to convert sulfides to oxides, which are smelted to produce matte. Finally, it undergoes various refining processes, the final one being electrolysis. For economic and environmental reasons, many of the byproducts of extraction are reclaimed. Sulfur dioxide gas, for example, is captured and turned into sulfuric acid — which is then used in the extraction process... History The earliest evidence of cold-hammering of native copper comes from the excavation at Çaÿonü Tepesi in eastern Anatolia. The radiocarbon date is 7250 ± 250 BCE. Among the various items considered to be votive or amulets there was one that looked like a fishhook and one like an awl. An archaeological site in southeastern Europe (Serbia) contains the oldest securely dated evidence of copper making at high temperature, from 7,000 years ago. The find in June 2010 extends the known record of copper smelting by about 500 years, and suggests that copper smelting may have been invented in separate parts of Asia and Europe at that time rather than spreading from a single source. Copper smelting technology gave rise to the Copper Age and then the Bronze Age. Concentration Most copper ores contain only a small percentage of copper metal bound up within valuable ore minerals, with the remainder of the ore being unwanted rock or gangue minerals, typically silicate minerals or oxide minerals for which there is often no value. The average grade of copper ores in the 21st century is below 0.6% copper, with a proportion of economic ore minerals (including copper) being less than 2% of the total volume of the ore rock. A key objective in the metallurgical treatment of any ore is the separation of ore minerals from gangue minerals within the rock. The first stage of any process within a metallurgical treatment circuit is accurate grinding or comminution, where the rock is crushed to produce small particles... Subsequent steps depend on the nature of the ore containing the copper. For oxide ores, a hydrometallurgical liberation process is normally undertaken, which uses the soluble nature of the ore minerals to the advantage of the metallurgical treatment plant. For sulfide ores, both secondary (supergene) and primary (hypogene), froth flotation is used to physically separate ore from gangue. For special native copper bearing ore bodies or sections of ore bodies rich in supergene native copper, this mineral can be recovered by a simple gravity circuit... Until the latter half of the 20th century, smelting sulfide ores was almost the sole means of producing copper metal from mined ores (primary copper production)... The copper is refined by electrolysis. The anodes cast from processed blister copper are placed into an aqueous solution of 3–4% copper sulfate and 10–16% sulfuric acid. Cathodes are thin rolled sheets of highly pure copper or, more commonly these days, reusable stainless steel starting sheets (as in the IsaKidd process). A potential of only 0.2–0.4 volts is required for the process to commence. At the anode, copper and less noble metals dissolve. More noble metals such as silver, gold, selenium, and tellurium settle to the bottom of the cell as anode slime, which forms a salable byproduct. Copper(II) ions migrate through the electrolyte to the cathode. At the cathode, copper metal plates out, but less noble constituents such as arsenic and zinc remain in solution unless a higher voltage is used. The reactions are: At the anode: Cu(s) → Cu2+(aq) + 2e− At the cathode: Cu2+(aq) + 2e− → Cu(s).
Views: 340 Old Movies Reborn
Ancient Roman Mining
Ancient Roman Mining Bibliography Bohstrom, Phillippe. Archaeologists Uncover Vast Ancient Roman Mining Operation in Spain. 7 March 2017. 4 April 2018. https://www.haaretz.com/archaeology/archaeologists-find-huge-roman-mining-operation-in-spain-1.5443584. Hays, Jeffrey. MINING AND RESOURCES IN ANCIENT ROME. January 2008. 4 March 2018. http://factsanddetails.com/world/cat56/sub369/item2050.html. Duncan, L. C. (1999, December 9). Toman Deep-vein Mining. Retrieved February 27, 2018, from http://www.unc.edu/~duncan/personal/roman_mining/deep-vein_mining.htm Oxford. (2008). Engineering and Technology in the Classical World . (J. P. Oleson, Ed.) Oxford: Oxford University Press Inc. Rickard, T. (1928). The Mining of the Romans in Spain. Journal of Roman Studies, 18(2), 129-143. doi:10.2307/296070
Views: 206 Jarom Gleed
In the Tin Mines with Neil Burridge
In which we visit the Cornish Tin Mines with Neil Burridge to discover the history of this precious resource that is the key ingredient in bronze. Check back soon for the video where we smelt tinstone into tin metal! Neil makes the best bronze sword replicas you can find. See his work here: http://bronze-age-swords.com/
Views: 888 Good and Basic
Smelting Bronze Demo: IMOS Copper & Bronze Module
This video is a content resource for the Impact of Materials on Society (IMOS) course, an introductory level undergraduate course about Materials Science and Engineering. But it can be used independent of the IMOS course in K-12 education, informal science education and outreach as well. The IMOS course was developed through a partnership with faculty at the University of Florida, the Materials Research Society and the Department of Defense. The IMOS course leads the way in building broader bridges between research in engineering, the humanities and social sciences. This approach creates successful technologies that address critical social issues in ways that respect human values and belief systems. Video Production: University of Florida Dr. Kevin S. Jones, Sept. of Materials Science & Engineering, Univ. of Florida Contact: [email protected] for more informative about the entire IMOS video series, the IMOS course and other instructional materials.
Granite Cutting and Drilling
Views: 426660 David R
Primitive Technology: Building furnace and casting knife copper beautiful
Hello. Building furnace and casting beautiful copper knife is our latest video. In this video we made a knife from the copper that we created. It took us a long time to collect the copper. We did a lot of experiments to melt copper to mold a copper knife, so many times we failed. We succeeded successfully and created a pretty sure and beautiful knife. Initially we collected the required amount of copper, we built a new oven with better wind system, we used coal ash to make a metal coke when melting. We use stone knives to make molds on sand. We will continue to do some necessary stuff when we collect the required amount of copper. We will continue to make the next video on primitive technology and wild survival skills. Subscribe to the channel to keep track of the latest videos. Thank you. channels: https://goo.gl/xuJpfi
Views: 2981718 Survival Skills Primitive
How Lead is Mined & Refined: A Story Of Lead (1948) US Bureau of Mines; Lead Metal Mining & Refining
Please considering supporting the channel through my patreon link to help continue the consistent uploads. https://www.patreon.com/oldmoviesreborn Thanks. "Portrays mining operations in the lead belt of southeast Missouri--the crushing of ore, smelting, refining and other steps in the production of pig lead." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lead Lead has been commonly used for thousands of years because it is widespread, easy to extract and easy to work with. It is highly malleable as well as easy to smelt. Metallic lead beads dating back to 6400 BCE have been found in Çatalhöyük in modern-day Turkey. In the early Bronze Age, lead was used with antimony and arsenic. The largest preindustrial producer of lead was the Roman economy, with an estimated annual output of 80,000 tonnes, which was typically won as a by-product of extensive silver smelting. Roman mining activities occurred in Central Europe, Roman Britain, the Balkans, Greece, Asia Minor and Hispania which alone accounted for 40% of world production. Roman lead pipes often bore the insignia of Roman emperors (see Roman lead pipe inscriptions). Lead plumbing in the Latin West may have been continued beyond the age of Theoderic the Great into the medieval period. Many Roman "pigs" (ingots) of lead figure in Derbyshire lead mining history and in the history of the industry in other English centers. The Romans also used lead in molten form to secure iron pins that held together large limestone blocks in certain monumental buildings. In alchemy, lead was thought to be the oldest metal and was associated with the planet Saturn. Alchemists accordingly used Saturn's symbol (the scythe, ♄) to refer to lead. Up to the 17th century, tin was often not distinguished from lead: lead was called plumbum nigrum (literally, "black lead"), while tin was called plumbum candidum (literally, "bright lead")... Most ores contain less than 10% lead, and ores containing as little as 3% lead can be economically exploited. Ores are crushed and concentrated by froth flotation typically to 70% or more. Sulfide ores are roasted, producing primarily lead oxide and a mixture of sulfates and silicates of lead and other metals contained in the ore. Lead oxide from the roasting process is reduced in a coke-fired blast furnace to the metal. Additional layers separate in the process and float to the top of the metallic lead. These are slag (silicates containing 1.5% lead), matte (sulfides containing 15% lead), and speiss (arsenides of iron and copper). These wastes contain concentrations of copper, zinc, cadmium, and bismuth that can be recovered economically, as can their content of unreduced lead. Metallic lead that results from the roasting and blast furnace processes still contains significant contaminants of arsenic, antimony, bismuth, zinc, copper, silver, and gold. The melt is treated in a reverberatory furnace with air, steam, and sulfur, which oxidizes the contaminants except silver, gold, and bismuth. The oxidized contaminants are removed by drossing, where they float to the top and are skimmed off. Since lead ores contain significant concentrations of silver, the smelted metal also is commonly contaminated with silver. Metallic silver as well as gold is removed and recovered economically by means of the Parkes process. Desilvered lead is freed of bismuth according to the Betterton-Kroll process by treating it with metallic calcium and magnesium, which forms a bismuth dross that can be skimmed off. Very pure lead can be obtained by processing smelted lead electrolytically by means of the Betts process. The process uses anodes of impure lead and cathodes of pure lead in an electrolyte of silica fluoride.
Views: 86 Old Movies Reborn
Out of the Fiery Furnace - Episode 1 - From Stone to Bronze
From the Stone Age to the era of the silicon chip — metals and minerals have marked the milestones of our civilization. OUT OF THE FIERY FURNACE traces the story of civilization through the exploitation of metals, minerals and energy resources. Renowned radio and BBC television commentator Michael Charlton hosts seven, one-hour programs filmed in more than 50 different parts of the world. This very unusual public television series combines the disciplines of history, science, archeology and economics in order to explore the relationship between technology and society. How did human beings first come to recognize metals buried in rocks? Michael Charlton visits an archaeological dig at a Stone Age settlement to uncover the ways in which our early ancestors extracted metal from rock. This episode visits several dramatic locations, including India and the Sinai Desert to follow remarkable experiments using the smelting techniques of the ancient civilizations. You'll also travel to Thailand to find a possible answer to a great mystery: how did bronze come to be invented in the Middle East where there are no deposits of a necessary element — tin? (60 minutes) VHS Cover: http://i.imgur.com/RuPFqrt Disclaimer: This video series, produced in 1986 by Opus Films is shown here for Educational Purposes. It includes footage of cultures in India, China, Near East, etc. and ancient methods of manufacturing metals. It is hoped that this information is useful for archival and educational purposes to viewers all across the world. The video is provided here under the Fair Use policy.
Medieval Iron Production in Holland Thijs van de Manakker - smelting ore
Nature, History & Education: Dutch Iron production in the Middle Ages After 2 years this docu film is finished, I made an English version, where Internationally people could be interested It was a great pleasure to work with Thijs van de Manakker and his crew - http://www.thijsvandemanakker.com/ Expert in Iron and blacksmith Thanks to all others mentioned Filmed with GH2 sedna V5 & Gh3 Lenses Pana 12-35mm and Canon FD 55mm 1.2 & 28mm 2.8 manual Docu film by Jan den Ouden Amersfoort © 2014 ARR Music: Krebbel Kevin MacLeod NBE (Nieuw Bach Ensemble) Locatios: Bergherbos Montferland Middeleeuws Erf (Medieval Heritage) Amersfoort Netherlands Thanks for watching.
Views: 857018 cultuuramersfoort
Making History - Bronze
By adding Tin to Copper early humans create the worlds first alloy - Bronze. This metal is much harder and doesn't lose its edge as quickly as copper does which inspires people to mass produce bronze armor and weapons for security and conquest
Views: 79692 AllHistories
Bronze Casting with Will Lord
Part 2 of our bronze casting workshop with Will Lord. In which we cast using both the lost wax technique and also with the sand casting technique. If you'd like to check out Will Lord's incredible Stone/Bronze age work, you can check out his work here: Youtube channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/Beyond2000bc Instagram: @will_lord_prehistoric_survival. Website: will-lord.co.uk Our social media: Podcast: anchor.fm/goodandbasic Twitter: @goodandbasic Instagram: @good_and_basic
Views: 1284 Good and Basic
Primitive Life:Find Iron!
Primitive Life:Find Iron!wilderness!primitive technology!life in the forest This video i try to find iron from poor iron ore.i build a furnace to do.i use poor coal to firing.i hope i can make iron! Hard to do this cuz its rainy season! Please share and sub my chanel if you like this video!thank you very much!
Views: 568645 Primitive Life
1000 AD (Medieval Ages Documentary) | Timeline
Check out our new website for more incredible history documentaries: HD and ad-free. http://bit.ly/2O6zUsK While we are preoccupied with global warming and computer meltdown, our surprisingly sophisticated Anglo-Saxon ancestors were terrified of Viking invasion. Britain's system of social welfare, law and order and a yearning for knowledge had made us the envy of Europe - and a country under threat from violent and oppurtunistic raiders. But what was it really like to live just before the end of the first millennium? 1000 AD recreates life circa 999 AD, showing the everyday lives, loves and passions of the Anglo-Saxon people. A soap opera-style drama runs alongside interviews with leading historians who paint a revealing picture of the political and social structure of pre-Norman Britain. Content licensed from Digital Rights Group (DRG). Any queries, please contact us at: [email protected] Produced by Uden Associates
Primitive Skills: Making Axe from Iron Ore - Part1
The subtitle as well as the detailed article I will update at the website "primitiveskills.net", the official website of Primitive Skills ------------------------------------- Follow Primitive Skills 😍👇 ►Website: http://primitiveskills.net ►Page: https://www.facebook.com/Primitive-Skills-1763234613889828 ►Group facebook: https://www.facebook.com/groups/987502591413922 ►Twitter: https://twitter.com/PrimitiveTechn1 © Copyright belongs to Primitiveskills.net ------------------------------------- Thanks.!
Views: 486197 Primitive Skills
GrimesGraves Into The Heart Of The Ancient Flint Miner
This is an introduction to my https://www.patreon.com/Will_Lord where I will be posting some great videos professionally shot and edited.
IRON AGE REALITY LIVING IN THE PAST Discovery History Science documentary
please subscribe documentary videos history channel documentary national geographic documentary bbc documentary discovery channel documentary documentary films lil wayne documentary slender man documenta. documentary videos history channel documentary national geographic documentary bbc documentary discovery channel documentary documentary films lil wayne documentary slender man documentary. the apocalypse of the stone age (documentary). thanks for watching. history life discovery science technology tech learning education national nature geograp.
Views: 7647 Reba Correll
Heritage Week 2017- bronze age smelting and casting with Umha Aois
Umha Aois are a collective of artists, sculptors, artists and experimental archaeologists, who come together to smelt and cast bronze, using traditional tools and experimenting with early iron Age techniques. This year they will be at Allihies, on the beautiful Beara peninsula, for two days in honour of Heritage Week 2017
Missing Michigan Copper: Ancient copper mines in U.P. Updated version
Had to make a few amendments A reading from ancient America Donald J. McMahon Symbologist/Researcher on the missing copper from Michigan. was there an ancient prehistoric PreDeluvian worldwide culture existing? People like Columbus were useful fools used as pawns, I never understood how it is Columbus gets the title of the one who discovered America when he didn't even land there, he landed way south It's not like he discovered Virginia or New York. He didn't even land in the US. Mainstream historians, archeology, geology All of the-ology's are in line with the church still. when you put them together it spells theology! Music from Doug Maxwell/Media right productions.video source material from http://ancientamerica.com/missing-pre... and Science frontiers - http://www.science-frontiers.com/cat-... Also music from Les Hayden" Not Really" I can no longer find it NOTE: When I mention the singling out the first "White man" to see Michigan copper, What it should have maybe been was the first Spaniard to see Michigan copper.Would he then represent all Spaniards? I would think not Or European man one can not clump people according to what shade of brown they are.Have you ever seen the experiment a teacher did with her students where each day she would designate a certain eye color that was to be ostracized for the day and right away the kids saw the schism of it all, for example, today all kids except those with blue eyes get to enjoy ice cream while blue-eyed kids must watch the others eat it something like that, I heard a wise person once say if you hate something you will come back in the next life as that what you hated, and I think that is a very good approach to take whether true or not . Just my thoughts on that, to be that way but it just continues Mike Wallace asked The actor Morgan Freeman how should we deal with it and he replied " Just stop talking about" I liked that answer. Indeed
Views: 32087 Greg Jay
Ancient Egyptian Weapons[History Documentary]HD
Ancient Egyptian Weapons.Over its long history the Egyptians employed a wide variety of ancient weapons. During the earliest periods stone and wood weapons were used, these early Egyptian weapons included slings, clubs, throwing sticks, stone maces and stone tipped spears. Horn and wooden bows were also constructed and used with stone tipped arrows. By 4000 BC the Egyptians had started importing obsidian from the Eastern Red Sea areas for their weapons. This glass like stone has properties that allow it to have a sharper point than the sharpest metals; these almost molecularly thin blades are used even today for scalpels. Ancient Chinese Explorers:https://youtu.be/RcRFaDTxYic Inside China`s Great Pyramids:https://youtu.be/0i6ywQW8Btc The Military of Ancient China:https://youtu.be/63aE4iceuj0 Japan:Memoirs of a Secret Empire:https://youtu.be/iGuhu5lbDlk Secrets of Göbekli Tepe:https://youtu.be/ypuf_QnzCk0 The Lost Mayan Cvilization:https://youtu.be/_2Ork2m0SAk Mysteries of Easter Island:https://youtu.be/lM_Te7ZPMTY Ancient Mining Techniques:https://youtu.be/BkvDEVP38zk
Views: 123706 Documentary Channel
3,000 Year Old Man-Made Chamber - A History of Celtic Britain - Episode 1 Preview - BBC Two
SUBSCRIBE to the OFFICIAL BBC YouTube channel 👉 https://bit.ly/2IXqEIn LAUNCH BBC iPlayer to watch full BBC programmes online now 👉 https://bbc.in/2J18jYJ More on this programme: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b0108tsq Neil Oliver experiences a small section of the more than 8km of underground tunnels at the Great Orme copper mine in North Wales, excavated 3,000 years ago by Bronze age miners. It is claimed to be the largest man made chamber of it's kind in the world. #bbc
Views: 45792 BBC
Mystery of Life in the Paleolithic Age : Documentary on Stone Age Archaeology (Full Documentary)
Mystery of Life in the Paleolithic Age : Documentary on Stone Age Archaeology (Full Documentary). This Documentary is very good and as educational as it is fun. It's part of a series of exciting and informative documentaries. This Youtube channel is for learning and educational purposes. Learning and Education are fundamental and important in today's society and becoming increasingly more accessible and convenient online. The availability of important information which is also entertaining helps everyone grow mentally and emotionally as people both individually and as a whole. Documentaries are the resource of choice of the information and internet generations of students around the world. The documentary here along with the other documentaries on this channel relate to important times and people in history, historic places, archaeology, society, world culture, science, conspiracy theories, and education. The topics covered in these video documentaries vary and cover about everything you could possibly want to know including ancient history, Maya, Rome, Greece, The New World, Egypt, World wars, combat, battles, military and combat technology, current affairs and events, important news, education, biographies, famous people and celerities, politicians, news and current events, Illuminati, Area 51, crime, mafia, serial killers, paranormal, supernatural, cults, government cover-ups, the law and legal matters, corruption, martial arts, sports figures, space, aliens, ufos, conspiracy theories, Annunaki, Nibiru, Nephilim, satanic rituals, religion, christianty, judaism, islam, strange phenomenon, origins of Mankind, Neanderthal, Cro Magnon, Inca, Aztec, Persia, Maya, Indus, Mesopotamia, monsters, mobsters, time travel, planet earth, the Sun, Missions to Mars, The planets, the solar system, the universe, modern physics, String Theory, the Big Bang Theory, Quantum Mechanics, television, archaeology, science, technology, nature, plants, animals, endangered species, wildlife, animal abuse, environmental concerns and issues, global warming, natural disasters, racism, sexism, gay and lesbian issues, and many other educational and controversial topics. Please enjoy and Learn Responsibly
Views: 371322 FYI
Bronze age copper smelting
Bronze age copper smelting during the "Iron smelting days" & ancient metalworkers weekend in Archeon (Alphen a/d Rijn, Netherlands), 17 October 2010. I performed my first demonstrations on how copper smelting could have taken place during the bronze age 2000-800B.C. The smelts were succesful, and yielded 3-4kg copper from 10kg malachite ore in two runs of the furnace. Each run took about 2-3hours, and used up about 4kg of charcoal. At the end of the video you can see a big lump of copper stuck to the bottom, weighing about 2kg. I also smelted some tin in the smaller furnace to the left. Both the tin and copper will be used to cast into bronze tools or weapons later on.
Views: 44931 FRXable
Savage Lands (Episode 11) - The Bronze Age
We find more copper after and craft the first bronze tools/weapons! Savage Lands is a survival crafting game in Early Access. Time laps song by PACDV @ http://www.pacdv.com/sounds/ Music by David Fau http://www.youtube.com/freemetalsongs http://www.youtube.com/bestplugins http://youtu.be/5G6LNqXfuiw Gaming made in Lippe! hope you enjoy My info ----------------------------------------­----------------------------- Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/LHS_Buster G+: https://plus.google.com/u+LHSBuster ----------------------------------------­-----------------------------
Views: 270 LHS Buster
The Bronze Age Collapse - The Wheel and the Rod - Extra History - #2
Bronze Age societies built intricate networks of trade, advanced military infrastructure, and hugely organized central governments. But when crucial parts of those systems began to disappear, the societies built on them began to crumble. Support us on Patreon! http://bit.ly/EHPatreon (--More below) Grab your Extra Credits gear at the store! http://bit.ly/ExtraStore Subscribe for new episodes every Saturday! http://bit.ly/SubToEC _________ Thanks for participating in this week's discussion! We want you to be aware of our community posting guidelines so that we can have high-quality conversations: https://goo.gl/HkzwQh Contribute community subtitles to Extra Credits: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCCODtTcd5M1JavPCOr_Uydg&tab=2 ___________ Play games with us on Extra Play! http://bit.ly/WatchEXP Talk to us on Twitter (@ExtraCreditz): http://bit.ly/ECTweet Follow us on Facebook: http://bit.ly/ECFBPage Get our list of recommended games on Steam: http://bit.ly/ECCurator ____________ ♪ Get the intro music here! http://bit.ly/1EQA5N7 *Music by Demetori: http://bit.ly/1AaJG4H ♪ Get the outro music here! http://bit.ly/23isQfx *Music by Sean and Dean Kiner: http://bit.ly/1WdBhnm
Views: 1338289 Extra Credits
Traditional Bronze Age Copper Smelting with James Dilley - Ancient Craft
As part of a Neolithic skills week at Parc Cwm Darran, James gave a demonstration of traditional bronze age copper smelting. Copper smelts at approx 1100 degrees centigrade. Bellows are used to keep the temperature up. A small pit is dug and a crucible filled with alternate layers of blue malachite and charcoal is placed into the charcoal furnace. The whole process takes around half an hour.
Views: 709 baarbaarathesheep
Copper Mining and Smelting
Classic Mining Techniques
Views: 1665 clarkbaker
DAWN OF MAN - 250+ POPULATION! - Ep.10 (Survival/City Builder)
DAWN OF MAN GAMEPLAY - Ep.10 (Survival/City Builder) Leave a LIKE on this video if you enjoyed! Subscribe! ► http://goo.gl/yCQnEn ● GET AWESOME METAL POSTERS FROM DISPLATE! Use discount code KERALIS20 for 20% off your order at https://displate.com/?art=293825ae0720c15839 ● Dawn of Man on Steam: https://goo.gl/9Ddo7d ● Website: http://madrugaworks.com/dawnofman/ ● Twitter: https://twitter.com/madrugaworks About Game: Take control of a settlement of the first modern humans, guide them through the ages in their struggle for survival. Dawn of Man is a survival/city-builder from the creators of Planetbase. The game starts in the Stone Age, and takes you up to the Iron Age, spanning more than 10,000 years of human prehistory. You will have to get your people to survive, expand and evolve, just like our ancestors, facing the challenges that the environment will throw at you. ● Hunt Animals were a vital source of food and resources for ancient humans. Use their meat to feed your people and their skin and bones to make clothing and craft the tools you will need to stay alive. Confront Mammoths, Wholly Rhinos, Ancient Bison, Megaloceros, Cave Lions and other species that roamed the earth at the time. ● Gather Collect a variety resources from the environment: fruit, berries, water, wood, flint, stone, ores. Use them to prepare food, to make tools and to build structures in your settlement. ● Plan for harsh times Fishis more abundant in spring, berries and fruit can be collected in summer and animals are easier to come by when it's warm. When winter comes, make sure to have enough non-perishable food and warm clothing in order to survive. ● Expand and fortify your settlement Build more homes and facilities for your people, in order to expand your population. Construct fortifications and craft weapons, so you are ready for when the inevitable conflict comes. ● Research Technologies Each new discovery will make it easier for your settlement to be able to support larger populations, but will also bring new challenges: increased food demand, morale issues and more frequent raider attacks. ● Build Megalithic Structures Our ancestors were capable of incredible engineering feats: mine massive rocks from the environment, transport them using sledges and construct colossal stone structures. ● Control Nature Unlock farming technologies to grow your own vegetables, so you can feed large amounts of people. Domesticate animals to produce food, resources and provide increased muscle power. ● Twitter: http://twitter.com/WorldofKeralis ● Livestreams: http://www.twitch.tv/keralis ● Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/iamkeralis #DawnOfMan #keralis #citybuilder
Views: 210415 Keralis
Prehistoric casting.
This is a casting like we did up in history, almost unchanged but with small changes in techniques and materials through time. The melting pot is made of clay, the mould is made of clay and horse manure and it´s heated with charcoal. The metal is silver and bronze.
Views: 117 Henrik Hestbæk
Ancient Copper Smelting
Views: 6669 Shana Han
Ancient Chinese Explorers[History Documentary]HD
Ancient mining techniques go well back into our history – well back into ourprehistory, in fact. As we progressed through the Stone Age, with more and more . Copper Through The Ages - The History Of Copper - History TV Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from Latin: cuprum) and atomic number 29. In 1999, New York Times journalist Nicholas D. Kristof reported a surprising encounter on a tiny African island called Pate, just off the coast of Kenya. Here, in a . Since the Bronze age the strength and security of a civilization depended on their access to various metals such as gold, silver, copper, tin, and Iron. Finding and . Part one of two historical television documentary looking at how mining techniques used by ancient cul
Views: 123 hiroyuki nakamura
The Jewels that Speak to Us: Seals and Signets from the Bronze Age Aegean
This lecture will take you on a journey back in time to the Bronze Age in Crete and Greece, to the 2nd millennium BCE, and introduce you to the artistic creativity of the Minoans and the Mycenaeans in carving their seals and engraving their signets. Precious to their owners as both jewel and mark of identity, the seals and signets speak to us through their function, their art and their iconography.
12 min Food and Gold Raiding - Wall Breakers, Raiders, Training Blessing - DomiNations Tutorial
10 min video showing food and gold raiding technique that works especially well form Bronze age right through to Global! Tenchique: Low medals (right down to 200) as this is where bases have terrible layout easy for raiding Training blessing on (French training blessing is mind blowing) Use wall miner, and 4-8 raiders to steal Food Gold in 30-60 seconds. Quit battle, rebuild troops. Repeat. Watch the video with full commentary and see how I do it... watch, learn, replicate. NoVelcroShoes Leader of "Order 66 (0SH)" Comments and subscriptions welcome.
Archaeology in Action: Metallurgy
First year archaeology students at the University of Sheffield are introduced to metallurgy, learning how raw material like coloured stones was transformed into Bronze Age daggers.
SWS 015 | Exploring a Prehistoric Timeline
Since we began the podcast in March 2018, archaeological facts and finds have been coming at us fast and furious - so much so that it's becoming hard to keep track of what happened where and in what order! So, in an effort to claw back some clarity, we've begun compiling a Timeline of Prehistory. The simple question: "what was going on in the rest of the world when megalith building was happening in Britain?" has thrown up some surprising facts. In order to give some context to the Neolithic and early Bronze Age this side of the Channel, we explore what was going on in the world from 8,000 to 2,000 BC.  We hope you find it as eye-opening as we did! Support Standing with Stones on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/standingwithstones WEBSITE: http://www.standingstones.net/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/standingwithstones/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/thestonestalk Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thestonestalk/
GREATEST Archaeological Discoveries Made by Accident!
Archaeologists can be credited with finding some of the most incredible things, from stashes of coins from forgotten eras or entire hidden cities and these discoveries are generally well-planned excavations that have a budget and a large team working together to make it happen. Some discoveries were made with no archaeologist, budget, or intent – and today we have a look at some of the greatest archaeological discoveries made by sheer accident. Subscribe to Talltanic http://goo.gl/wgfvrr Watch our "Evidence That Aliens HAVE Visited Earth " video here:- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iL227eb9FSI Watch our "CRAZY Ideas That Actually Worked!" video here- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v0n2wEAiOcg Watch our UNBELIEVABLE Items Found After Tsunamis !" video here- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VNNLwdBI7Gk 6 - The Banwell Caves There are 2 caves that make up the Banwell Caves, there’s the “Stalactite Cave” and the “Bone Cave.” The first one to be discovered was the Stalactite Cave in 1757 by some local miners, and they left it until 1824 when it was reopened to raise money for a local school. It was quite tricky getting to the cave, so an attempt was made to make a more convenient entrance. By doing this, another cave was discovered accidentally. Inside the Bone Cave, they discovered the bones of animals that were over 80,000-years old that were not native to England. The bishop at the time firmly believed that it proved that Noah’s Ark was real and that these were the remains of the animals from the Ark. It’s thought that the cave was originally built as a pitfall trap. 5 - Terracotta warriors It was during 1974 when a group of Chinese farmers uncovered one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of all time! What used to be fertile land of pomegranate trees, was hiding over 7,000 life-sized terracotta warriors used to guard the tomb of China’s first emperor - Qin Shi Huangdi. What makes the discovery more unique is that the terracotta army warriors all have something different about them, whether it’s their face, beard, armour or tunic. Some speculate that each warrior was based on an actual person from the emperor’s real-life army. The soldiers were put there to ensure the emperor had protection in the afterlife, and there’s presumed to be many more still to be discovered, but because of the fragility of the warriors, they may remain hidden forever. 4 - Uluburun Shipwreck A diving trip looking for sponge turned into so much more for Mehmet Çakir when he came face-to-face with a sunken 50-foot long ship. He was diving in the Mediterranean Sea, just off the Uluburun coast in Turkey. Most of the cedar hull had disintegrated, but there were hundreds of glass, copper and tin ingots. Researchers spent more than 10-years studying the wreck over the course of 20,000 dives. They brought up a treasure trove of relics from the Late Bronze Age, including a scarab bearing the name of the Egyptian Queen Nefertiti. It’s officially one of the oldest wrecks ever discovered, but it’s not quite certain where it comes from. Artefacts were of Mycenaean, Assyrian, Canaanite and Egyptian origin, which could mean it was a merchant vessel with an international crew. 3 - The Ruins of Serdica In 2012, while digging up the ground for a new line of the metro in Sofia – the Bulgarian capital – engineers uncovered the city of Serdica. This was home to Constantine the Great for a year while he was looking for the perfect spot for a new capital for his empire. Serdica housed the remains of several cultures, including those of the Greek, Roman and Byzantine. It was a major metropolis, and excavations brought forward signs of early sewage systems, a wheel of fortune, private bathhouses. It’s now an open-air museum with the major drawcard being the Decumanus Maximus, which would have been the main road during Roman times and would become Sofia as we know it today. 2 - Childeric’s Treasure Childeric I ruled the Salian Franks as king from 457 until he died in 481 AD. His son was Clovis I who can be credited for uniting the Frankish tribes and who became the 1st Merovingian king of France. Childeric had a lot of wealth through war efforts and when he was buried, many of his valuables were placed in the tomb with him. Over time, the location of the tomb was forgotten and lost but was rediscovered on the 27th of May 1653. Adrien Quinguin was digging on land that belonged to the church of Saint-Brice in Tournai when his digging revealed gold coins. Further digging revealed 100 more coins, gold swords and garnets, 300 gold bees, horse fittings and buckles and many other valuable artefacts. 1...
Views: 37553 Talltanic
Iron production in the Viking Age - Lofotr Viking Museum (2003)
More info : http://www.lofotr.no Experimental iron production based on the reconstructed viking age technology. Bloomery iron production based on swedish furnaces from the Viking Age. Charcoal production based on knowledge from northern norwegian archaeological sites. The experiment was carried out at the museum in Lofoten under the supervision of K.G. Lindblad in 2003.
Views: 79118 Geir Are Johansen
যেসব জায়গায় এখনো সোনা পাওয়া যায়। The Place Gold Can be Found.
Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from Latin: aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally. In its purest form, it is a bright, slightly reddish yellow, dense, soft, malleable, and ductile metal. Chemically, gold is a transition metal and a group 11 element. It is one of the least reactive chemical elements and is solid under standard conditions. Gold often occurs in free elemental (native) form, as nuggets or grains, in rocks, in veins, and in alluvial deposits. It occurs in a solid solution series with the native element silver (as electrum) and also naturally alloyed with copper and palladium. Less commonly, it occurs in minerals as gold compounds, often with tellurium (gold tellurides). Gold is resistant to most acids, though it does dissolve in aqua regia, a mixture of nitric acid and hydrochloric acid, which forms a soluble tetrachloroaurate anion. Gold is insoluble in nitric acid, which dissolves silver and base metals, a property that has long been used to refine gold and to confirm the presence of gold in metallic objects, giving rise to the term acid test. Gold also dissolves in alkaline solutions of cyanide, which are used in mining and electroplating. Gold dissolves in mercury, forming amalgam alloys, but this is not a chemical reaction. It is impossible to know the exact date that humans first began to mine gold, but some of the oldest known gold artifacts were found in the Varna Necropolis in Bulgaria. The graves of the necropolis were built between 4700 and 4200 BC, indicating that gold mining could be at least 7000 years old.[2] A group of German and Georgian archaeologists claims the Sakdrisi site in southern Georgia, dating to the 3rd or 4th millennium BC, may be the world's oldest known gold mine.[3] Bronze age gold objects are plentiful, especially in Ireland and Spain, and there are several well known possible sources. Romans used hydraulic mining methods, such as hushing and ground sluicing on a large scale to extract gold from extensive alluvial (loose sediment) deposits, such as those at Las Medulas. Mining was under the control of the state but the mines may have been leased to civilian contractors some time later. The gold served as the primary medium of exchange within the empire, and was an important motive in the Roman invasion of Britain by Claudius in the first century AD, although there is only one known Roman gold mine at Dolaucothi in west Wales. Gold was a prime motivation for the campaign in Dacia when the Romans invaded Transylvania in what is now modern Romania in the second century AD. The legions were led by the emperor Trajan, and their exploits are shown on Trajan's Column in Rome and the several reproductions of the column elsewhere (such as the Victoria and Albert Museum in London).[4] Under the Eastern Roman Empire Emperor Justinian's rule, gold was mined in the Balkans, Anatolia, Armenia, Egypt, and Nubia.[5] In the area of the Kolar Gold Fields in Bangarpet Taluk, Kolar District of Karnataka state, India, gold was first mined prior to the 2nd and 3rd century AD by digging small pits. (Golden objects found in Harappa and Mohenjo-daro have been traced to Kolar through the analysis of impurities — the impurities include 11% silver concentration, found only in KGF ore.[citation needed]) The Champion reef at the Kolar gold fields was mined to a depth of 50 metres (160 ft) during the Gupta period in the fifth century AD. During the Chola period in the 9th and 10th century AD, the scale of the operation grew.[citation needed] The metal continued to be mined by the eleventh century kings of South India, the Vijayanagara Empire from 1336 to 1560, and later by Tipu Sultan, the king of Mysore state and the British. It is estimated that the total gold production in Karnataka to date is 1000 tons.[6] The mining of the Hungarian deposit (present-day Slovakia) primarily around Kremnica was the largest of the Medieval period in Europe. #সোনারখনি #goldrush
Views: 322 Science & Mystery
Out of the Fiery Furnace - Episode 2 - Swords and Plough Shares
From the Stone Age to the era of the silicon chip — metals and minerals have marked the milestones of our civilization. OUT OF THE FIERY FURNACE traces the story of civilization through the exploitation of metals, minerals and energy resources. Renowned radio and BBC television commentator Michael Charlton hosts seven, one-hour programs filmed in more than 50 different parts of the world. This very unusual public television series combines the disciplines of history, science, archeology and economics in order to explore the relationship between technology and society. The development of iron brings about the collapse of the Bronze Age and mankind shifts from agriculture to industry. From this point, mastery over metals forms the basis of history's greatest civilizations. This episode highlights the value of metal in ancient China and Greece. You'll tour ruins of mining operations in Spain and are invited to ponder the world's first technological empire — Rome. (60-minutes) VHS Cover: http://imgur.com/0dE3SnO Disclaimer: This video series, produced in 1986 by Opus Films is shown here for Educational Purposes. It includes footage of cultures in India, China, Near East, etc. and ancient methods of manufacturing metals. It is hoped that this information is useful for archival and educational purposes to viewers all across the world. The video is provided here under the Fair Use policy.
History Comes Alive
Presented by Julian Richards, this video shows the educational work of the museum and bronze smelting at a Family Day event.
Views: 575 Wiltshire Museum
TerraFirmaCraft - S2 #07 - Prospecting and Mining
In this Episode I use the prospectors pick to locate some ore veins, give you a quick demonstration of how it works. and also do some mining and show you how support beams have changed. Enjoy! Subscribe: http://www.youtube.com/user/SpudGunnGaming Seed: 6552653837482780492 Mods: TerraFirmaCraft: http://terrafirmacraft.com/download.html Minecraft Forge (1.7.10): http://files.minecraftforge.net/ GLSL Shaders Mod: http://www.minecraftforum.net/topic/1544257-172174175shaders-mod-v2312-updated-by-karyonix/ SEUS Shaderpack: http://www.minecraftforum.net/topic/940974-175sonic-ethers-unbelievable-shaders-v101/ TFC Lanterns - http://terrafirmacraft.com/f/topic/7368-tfc-07910lanterns-addon-for-tfc/ Smart Moving: http://www.minecraftforum.net/forums/mapping-and-modding/minecraft-mods/1274224-smart-moving Player API (needed for smart moving) - http://www.minecraftforum.net/forums/mapping-and-modding/minecraft-mods/1277996-1-7-10-api-player-api Rei's Mini-Map (1.7.10) - http://mod-minecraft.net/reis-minimap-mod/ Minecraft: https://minecraft.net/ Music By: www.audionautix.com Spanish Summer - Jason Shaw Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
Views: 13853 Spud Gunn
లోహముల పేర్లు : Names of Metals in Telugu : Learn Telugu for all
The Pebbles Spoken Telugu videos are specially designed to understand the basic concepts of successful Telugu Speaking. The explanation given by an Expert Trainer will help you understand and achieve the Skills and Techniques for successful Telugu Speaking and make learning easy. Subscribe to our Channel: https://goo.gl/ZRUvjM ************************************ For more videos visit : http://pebblestv.com/ To watch the rest of the videos buy this DVD at http://www.pebbles.in ************************************* Complete Pebbles Tamil videos in single Playlist : https://goo.gl/ZiifjR ************************************* About Our Channel Dove Multimedia Pvt Ltd a lead player since 1996 , a wide array of CD's & DVDs under the brand name "PEBBLES". We believe in EDUTAINMENT, ANIMATED RHYMES and STORIES. Our CD's and DVDs are available in English and all Indian languages! ************************************* Engage with us on Facebook at : https://goo.gl/54Fa8H Google+: https://goo.gl/QoVepw Please Like, Share, Comment & Subscribe
Views: 44887 Pebbles Telugu
Paleolithic, Neolithic and Bronze Age in Iberia
This is episode 3 called Paleolithic, Neolithic and Bronze Age in Iberia and in this episode you will learn: Show notes: - How was the Iberian Peninsula during the Prehistory, except for the Iron Age - Remark that Prehistory is the less-known period of human history, and that new archeological or genetic findings are constantly challenging previous theories - The archeological site of Atapuerca, the most important Prehistoric one of Spain and Europe - The first settlers of the Iberian Peninsula - The Cave of Altamira - The slow process of Neolithization, first in the south and southeast and later in the north - The urbanized and stratified town of Los Millares of the Spanish Copper Age - Recent genetic studies that indicate that there may have been a big migration of Indo-Europeans between the Copper and Bronze Age - The Argaric culture of the Bronze Age - Important changes in the Late Bronze period ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- List of Spanish history books available on Amazon: https://bit.ly/SpanishHistoryBooks Website: https://thehistoryofspain.com Twitter: @podcast_spain // https://twitter.com/podcast_spain Instagram: thehistoryofspain // https://www.instagram.com/thehistoryofspain/ Facebook: thehistoryofspain // https://www.facebook.com/thehistoryofspain/ iTunes Apple Podcasts: http://bit.ly/ApplePodcastsHistorySpain Spotify: http://bit.ly/SpotifyHistorySpain Stitcher: http://bit.ly/StitcherHistorySpain TuneIn: http://bit.ly/TuneInHistorySpain